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Blue MOD Vocab #3

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nasopharynx
the part of the throat behind the nose
oropharynx
the part of the throat behind the mouth
laryngopharynx
the part of the throat above the larynx
trachea
tube which leads to the lungs
esophagus
tube which leads to the stomach
epiglottis
flap of tissue which covers the trachea
stomach
saclike structure responsible for digestion
small intestine
responsible for absorption of nutrients
duodenum
first portion of the small intestine
jejunum
middle portion of the small intestine
ileum
end portion of the small intestine
large intestine
eliminates undigested material
cecum
the first portion of the large intestine
ascending colon
part of the large intestine that passes upward
transverse colon
part of the large intestine that passes horizontally
descending colon
part of the large intestine that passes downward
rectum
serves as a storage area for waste products
liver
manufactures bile
pancreas
provides digestive juices which aid in digestion
gallbladder
serves as a storage area for bile
pharyngitis
inflammation of the throat
sphincter
a muscle which opens and closes
cheiloplasty
surgical repair of the lip
gingivectomy
surgical removal of the gum
sialolithiasis
presence of a stone in the salivary gland
tonsillitis
inflammation of the tonsil
celiac
relating to the abdomen
laparoscopy
visual exam of the abdominal wall
pyloromyotomy
to cut into the pylorus muscle
enterostomy
formation of a new opening in the intestines
jejunorrhaphy
suturing of the jejunum
colostomy
formation of a new opening in the colon
proctologist
one who specializes in the study of the rectum
bariatrics
a branch of medicine that deals with the treatment of obesity
appendectomy
removal of the appendix
cirrhosis
chronic disease that causes scarring of the liver
dysphagia
difficulty swallowing
borborygmus
growling sound heard in the abdomen
cholecystogram
record of the gallbladder
hematemesis
to vomit blood
choledocholithotomy
incision of a stone in the bile duct
hepatomegaly
enlargement of the liver
hepatitis
inflammation of the liver
pancreatectomy
surgical removal of the pancreas
postprandial
after a meal
diarrhea
discharge or flow
deglutition
swallowing
halitosis
bad breath
adenoidectomy
removal of the adenoids
regurgitation
vomiting
hypercholesterolemia
an excessive amount of cholesterol in the blood
hernia
protrusion of organ
absorption
the passing of simple nutrients into bloodstream
aerophagia
swallowing of air
anorexia
loss of appetite
ascites
excessive fluid in the abdomen
bulimia
binge eating followed by purging
barium enema
lower GI series
barium swallow
upper GI series
cathartics
laxatives
anastomosis
formation of an opening between two hollow vessels
gastrointestinal endoscopy
test to visualize parts of the GI tract
esophagojejunostomy
formation of a connection between the esophagus and the jejunum
hernioplasty
surgical repair of a hernia
hemoccult
test which determines bleeding in the GI tract
liver scan
nuclear medicine scan that detects liver disorders
antacids
medications which neutralize acids in the stomach
emetics
medications which induce vomiting
antiemetics
medications used to stop vomiting
percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography
needle inserted through the skin to visualize the bile ducts