Civil War Exam
Terms in this set (30)
American abolitionist and writer, he escaped slavery and became a leading African American spokesman and writer. He published the autobiography, The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, and founded the abolitionist newspaper, the North Star.
Former slave who helped slaves escape on the Underground Railroad
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Author of Uncle Tom's Cabin
William Lloyd Garrison
United States abolitionist who published an anti-slavery journal (1805-1879)
Abolitionist who was hanged after leading an unsuccessful raid at Harper's Ferry, Virginia (1800-1858)
The 15th President of the United States (1857-1861). He tried to maintain a balance between proslavery and antislavery factions, but his moderate views angered radicals in both North and South, and he was unable to forestall the secession of South Carolina on December 20, 1860.
He won the election even though he didn't win any electoral votes from the southern states.
President of the Confederate States of America
Hero of Little Round Top at Gettysburg/ Maine School Teacher
Nurse during the Civil War; founder of the American Red Cross
Robert E. Lee
Commander of the Confederate Army
Ulysses S. Grant
General of the Union Army
union general, 1st commander, overly cautious, fired by Lincoln
A black slave, had lived with his master for 5 years in Illinois and Wisconsin Territory. Backed by interested abolitionists, he sued for freedom on the basis of his long residence on free soil. The ruling on the case was that He was a black slave and not a citizen, so he had no rights.
Union General who destroyed South during "march to the sea" from Atlanta to Savannah, example of total war
Thomas Jackson (Stonewall)
He was Robert E. Lee's best general, but was killed at the Battle of Chancellorsville. Possible that future battles would have been totally different if Stonewall had been there to help Lee.
Confederate general who led Pickett's charge at Gettysburg
City that was burned to the ground by the Union employing "Total War"
Turning point of the Civil War
Famous as the site of the surrender of the Confederate Army under Robert E. Lee to Union commander Ulysses S. Grant
First battle of the Civil War
First major battle of the Civil War
A battle near a sluggish little creek, it proved to be the bloodiest single day battle in American History with over 26,000 lives lost in that single day.
Capital of the Confederacy
This was battle fought by Grant in an attempt to capture the railroad of the South. The battle was fought in the west prevented the north from obtaining an easy victory. However, the Confederates strong resistance showed that they would not go quietly and the war was far from over.
Brilliant victory for Lee who was outnumbered. But costly victory because Stonewall Jackson was shot and killed by his own men.
Confederate general. Lee's right hand man after Jackson was killed.
Little Round Top
the site of an unsuccessful assault by Confederate troops against the Union left flank on July 2, 1863, the second day of the Battle of Gettysburg.
Issued by Abraham Lincoln on September 22, 1862 it declared that all slaves in the confederate states would be free.
Capital of the United States
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