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Terms in this set (23)
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
Area of the brain responsible for all voluntary activities of the body
posterior part of the brain that coordinates muscle movements and maintains balance
structure that connects the brain and spinal cord; includes the medulla oblongata and the pons
a simple, automatic response to a sensory stimulus
Largest part of a typical neuron; contains the nucleus and much of the cytoplasm
Branchlike parts of a neuron that are specialized to receive information.
a part of a neuron that carries impulses away from the cell body
Neurons that carry outgoing information from the brain and spinal cord to the muscles and glands.
Neurons that carry incoming information from the sensory receptors to the brain and spinal cord.
A junction where information is transmitted from one neuron to the next.
thick bundle of nerves that conveys signals between the brain and the body
The lobe at the front of the brain associated with movement, speech, and impulsive behavior.
receives sensory input for touch and body position
processes visual information
portion that lies below the frontal lobe, responsible for hearing, taste, and smell
controls many vital functions such as respiration and heart rate.
Connects nerve impulses to other areas of the brain. Helps to regulate breathing. Helps control muscles of the eyes and face.
Highest portion of the brain stem. Responsible for controlling eyeball movement and pupil size.
relays messages between lower brain centers and cerebral cortex
autonomic nervous system
nerves that control involuntary body functions of muscles, glands, and internal organs
parasympathetic nervous system
the division of the autonomic nervous system that calms the body, conserving its energy
somatic nervous system
the division of the peripheral nervous system that controls the body's skeletal muscles
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