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Divine Right

Belief that some European kings in the 1600s and 1700s that they had a God-given right to rule

No one

In an absolute monarchy, the ruler shares power with

a system of checks and balances

The Baron de Montesque promoted the idea that the best government would have

John Locke

Thomas Jefferson included many of his ideas in the Declaration of Independence

The Constitution of the US created a federal system which

gave certain powers to the federal gov't and all other powers to the states

In the Social Contract, Rousseau wrote that

people were naturally good but changed by environment

John Locke believed that people's rights

should be protected by a gov't


Gov't run by church officials or religious leaders

limited by law

In a constitutional monarchy, the monarch's power is


Under capitalism, businesses are owned by

Market Economy

Free enterprise + capitalism =


Has advantage of being able to raise large amounts of capital/money

mass production

More people could afford goods because of


Associations of workers that combined forces to negotiate wages, working conditions


Major industries, but not all, are owned by the gov't

supply and demand

In a capitalist economy, price is determined by

Adam Smith

"Father of the Capitalism"

Command Economy

Government owns ALL industries

a classless society

Marx believed that the revolution would lead to pure communism or

Presidential democracy

Form of gov't with greatest political participation for citizens

more forms of enterainment

Growing population in cities encouraged

culturally inferior

"White Man's Burden" shows and attitude that natives are

adopt European culture

A number of European nations hoped African nations would


To take on the appearancen & customs of another culture; blend into new culture

Second Estate

wealthiest nobles

Reign of Terror

Mass execution of political prisoners and citizens during French Revolution

Leaders wanted raw materials for profit

Economic motive for European imperialism in Africa


Duirng Imperialism, some nations ruled through existing leaders in this system

Social Darwinism

Some societies thought to be better equipped survival


Intense pride on one's own country

Open Door Policy

spheres of influence in China for free trade

British export opium to China

to change balance of trade in favor of Britain

Immediate cause of Sepoy Mutiny

Indian soldiers had to bite off ammunition cartidge greased wt animal fat

British East Inda Company

British Imperialism brought to India by


One country controls another

the Nobility

Estate wt greatest land ownership & least amount of taxes

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