32 terms

Poetry Terms

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Form
the way a poem looks—the arrangement of the words on the page.
Lines
Poems are made up of lines which may or may not be in sentences
Stanzas.
In some cases, lines are arranged in groups called stanzas.
Free Verse.
One type of poem that is less formal and sounds more like a conversation is free verse.
concrete
Another type of poetry in which the shape of the poem reflects the subject is called concrete poetry
Onomatopoeia
is the use of words whose sounds suggest their meaning. Ex. slither, clap, boom
Rhyme
occurs when two words have the same ending sound. Ex. moon and spoon
Rhythm
is a beat created by a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables. Stressed syllables are read with more emphasis and unstressed syllables are read with less emphasis.
meter
When this rhythmic pattern is repeated over and over, this pattern is called meter.
Repetition
is the use of sounds, words, phrases and whole lines more than once.
Alliteration
is the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of two or more words.
five senses
Imagery includes any words and phrases that appeal to a reader's five senses—sight, hearing, smell, taste, and touch
Figurative language
is language that presents ordinary things in new or unusual ways (There are 7 types)
...
Similes, metaphors, personification, imagery,alliteration, onomatopoeia , hyperbole.
Similes
are comparisons of things that have something in common using the words like or as.
Metaphors
are also comparisons, but they do not contain the words like or as. Ex. The little girl was a doll.
Personification
is giving human qualities to an animal, object, or idea.
Ex. The wind whistled as it blew the leaves on the trees.
"voice"
Every poem has a speaker or "voice" from whom the words come. The speaker does not have to be the poet. The poem can be told from any voice the poet chooses!
end rhyme
rhymes at the end of a line are called end rhymes.
example: Roses are red,
Violets are blue,
Chocolate is great,
And you are too!
internal rhyme
rhymes within the lines are called internal rhymes.
example:
Back into the chamber turning, all my soul within me burning
~Edgar Allan Poe, from "The Raven"
approximate rhyme
rhymes involving sounds that are similar but not exactly the same are called approximate rhymes.
Example: We went to the market to buy a pig,
But all we could find was a baby and a bib.
visual rhymes
rhymes involving words that are spelled similarly but are pronounced differently.
ex. Tough/cough is an visual rhyme.
Tough/rough is a "real" rhyme.
rhyme scheme
the pattern of end rhymes in a poem.
example: Roses are red, (A)
Violets are blue, (B)
Chocolate is great, (C)
And you are too! (B)
free verse
a poem that is less formal and sounds more like a conversation.
elegy-a
poem that mourns the passing of something that is important to the writer.

Excerpt from "Elegy to My Cat"
By Edward Gardner (1789)
And art thou gone, associate of my youth?
Snatch'd from a faithful friend that lov'd thee well?
Nought could avail thy goodness nor thy truth,
Thou pattern for good cats, alas! farewell!

Yet though thy limbs by death's cold hand are laid,
Ah! numb'd and stiff in yonder little grave,
Thy dear remains the willow-boughs shall shade,
And bending o'er them sadly shall they wave.
catalog
-a poem that lists the poet's thoughts or feelings about a subject.

Spring
Snow melting
Air warming
Trees coming to life
Flowers budding
Birds singing
Baseball season starting
Everything turning green
My favorite time of year
narrative
a poem that tells a story
epic
a long narrative poem that tells of a hero's deeds

excerpt from "The Midnight Ride of Paul Revere"
By Henry Longfellow

Listen, my children, and you shall hear
Of the midnight ride of Paul Revere,
On the eighteenth of April, in Seventy-five;
Hardly a man is now alive
ballad
a narrative poem that is set to music
lyric
a poem which expresses a speaker's feelings
sonnet
a poem of 14 lines that follows a strict form
ode
a type of lyric poem that celebrates something
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