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Arts and Humanities
Quiz 1 : HDP 120
Terms in this set (41)
Essential components of language
Productivity, semanticity, displacement, symbolism
True or false: the development of language involves learning the inherent link between the sounds of a word and the thing that that word describes
True or false: the sounds a language has are arbitrary but the way that these sounds are accommodated is systematic within a language
What is a morpheme?
The smallest grammatical unit of meaning
True or false: For the most part, sites responsible for language are located on the left hemispheres the brain
What is Broca's area?
The area in the left side of the brain that is mainly responsible for producing language
True or false: There is no special pathway between Wernicke's area and Broca's area?
True or false: The pathway from understanding a word to producing a response is from the primary auditory complex to Wernicke's area, then through the arcuate fasciculus to Broca's area, and then the motor cortex
How much Short term memory do adults
Less than 10 items
What is long term memory?
Potentially limitless long-term storage of information
What type of aphasia responsible for telegraphic speech ?
True or false: the reason for which language functions are left localized is due may be due to regional biases relevant to the information processing required for language; in other words, these areas become language areas
True or false: Serial and Parallel processing differ in whether information is processed fully in one level at a time vs. multiple levels at a time.
The self awareness that children acquire is related to?
Theory of mind
metalingustic awareness refers to:
The ability to think about language
Essential components of language include
Productivity, Semanticity, Displacement, and Symbolism
If you ask someone to repeat a word that you said and they fail at this task, they probably have
Conduction aphasia and/or damage to the articulate fasciculus
True or false: At birth, the organization of the motor cortex is the same as an adults but infants just lack the appropriate muscle strength to move their body appropriately
True or false: Our brain grows the most during our first ten years of life
True or false: The human Brain does not grow smaller/decrease in size in late adulthood
Synaptogenesis refers to an early period of neural patterning where:
Synapses are adjusted, prunes/trimmed
True or false: after two months, newborns are not nearly as stimulus bound as when they were at birth
Selective attention is partially available thanks to:
True or false: Sensation and perception are the same
If someone says the word "dog" and we picture a dog, this is:
A mental representation
Behavioral experimental methods include
Gaze location, heart rate monitoring, and measuring looking time
True or false: the corpus callosum connect the left and right hemisphere.
The flow of information in working memory is modulated by
A central executive system
What does word learning involve?
Mapping sound to meaning
Passive processing involves
Analyzing enough data to recognized a pattern
What is the supramarginal gyrus responsible for?
The processing of units larger than words
True or false: top down processing is data driven while bottom-up processing is conceptually driven
The ability to apply previously learned material and applying it to a similar situation is called?
True or false: Wernicke's area receives some help from the angular and supramarginal gyruses/gyri
What is about language form?
Phonology, morphology, syntax
If your friend lied to you, which of the grievance maxims did you're friend violate?
True or false: mature language users do not flout Gricean maxims
True or false: Allophones are contrastive sounds in a language
Which of the following concerns about compositional semantics?
Entailment and contraction
Which of the following words contain derivational morphemes?
True or false: Afferent neurons transmit information toward the CNS?
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