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10 terms

Population Genetics and Natural Selection

STUDY
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evolution
a process in which something passes by degrees to a different stage (especially a more advanced or mature stage)
population
group of individuals of the same species that live in the same area
gene pool
combined genetic information of all the members of a particular population
selective pressure
when the environment pushes an individual or population to adapt or evolve
natural selection
process by which individuals that are better suited to their environment survive and reproduce most successfully; also called survival of the fittest
genetic drift
the gradual changes in gene frequencies in a population due to random events
mate selection
Process of choosing a significant other = result of many factors, including: biological, Idealogical, & non-discursive
mutation
change in a DNA sequence that affects genetic information
gene flow
exchange of genes between populations
artificial selection
selective breeding of domesticated plants and animals to produce offspring with desired genetic traits