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55 terms

55 Odyssey Characters

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Achilles
Best Greek fighter. Leader of the Myrmidons. Dragged hector's body behind the chariot. Killed by Paris with an arrow through the heel.
Aeolus
God of the winds. Helped Odysseus originally with a bag of wind, but refused to help a second time.
Agamemnon
Clytmnestra's husband. Killed by her after Trojan War.
Ajax
King of Salamis. Took part and was killed in the Trojan War.
Alcinous
King of Phaecia. Told Odysseus about the prophecy/warning about Phaecia and helping strangers, yet helped him anyway.
Amphinomus
Penelope's favorite suitor. Didn't listen to Odysseus's warning-Athena had doomed him to die.
Anticleia
Odysseus's mother who we first met in Hades.
Antinous
Evil suitor. One of the leaders. First killed by an arrow though the neck from Odysseus.
Aphrodite
Married to Hephaestus, cheated on him with Ares.
Ares
Aphrodite's lover
Arete
Queen of Phaecia
Argos
Odysseus's loyal dog. Died when he returned
Athena
Goddess of wisdom, Symbols: owl, weaving, Aegis. (epithet: gray-eyed)
Calypso
Minor goddess/nymph. Odysseus stayed on Ogygia Island with her for 7 years
Charybdis
Giant whirlpool/geyser
Cicones
A tribe that fought off Odysseus and his men.
Circe
Witch. Odysseus stayed with her for a year, she turned his men into pigs.
Clytmnestra
Wife of Agamemnon. Killed him when he returned from battle (technically not in Odyssey)
Elpenor
Odysseus's comrade who got drunk at Circe's and fell off a roof. Asked Odysseus for a proper burial of his body in Hades, and Odysseus returned to give it to him.
Eumaeus
The loyal shepherd who, along with the cowherd Philoetius, helps Odysseus reclaim his throne after his return to Ithaca. Even though he does not know that the vagabond who appears at his hut is Odysseus, he gives the man food and shelter.
Eurycleia
Odysseus's and Telemachus's nurse. Faithful servant.
Eurymachus
Another evil suitor
Hector
(technically not in the Odyssey) son of Priam. Best Trojan fighter, killed by Achilles because he killed Patroclus.
Hecuba
(technically not in the Odyssey) queen of Troy
Helen
Wife of Menelaus and queen of Sparta. Her abduction from Sparta by the Trojans sparked the Trojan War. Her beauty is without parallel, but she is criticized for giving in to her Trojan captors and thereby costing many Greek men their lives. She offers Telemachus assistance in his quest to find his father.
Helios
Sun God
Hephaestus
Trapped his wife, Aphrodite in a bed with her lover, Ares, for all the Gods to see.
Hermes
Messenger god. Giant killer. Gave moly to Odysseus so he could withstand Circe's spell.
Ino
Gives Odysseus a scarf that keeps him afloat after a storm wrecks his boat.
Iphigenia
Sacrificed by her father, Agamemnon.
Irus
Beggar king who gets beaten to a pulp by Odysseus.
Laertes
Odysseus's father.
Laestrygonians
A tribe of giant cannibals who destroyed everyone of Odysseus's ships except for his own.
Leodes
A minor prophet who predicted Odysseus's homecoming and was killed by him in the slaughter in the halls.
Lotus Eaters
A race of people who's fruit and vegetables seemed to cause peace, leading to Odysseus's men wanting to stay with them on the island. Odysseus, however, forced his men to continue on their long, treacherous, journey.
Melanthius
The goatherd. Evil, helps the suitors and gets horrible revenge from Odysseus.
Melantho
Bad maid. Slept with Eurymachus
Menelaus
King of Sparta, brother of Agamemnon, and husband of Helen, he helped lead the Greeks in the Trojan War. He offers Telemachus assistance in his quest to find Odysseus when Telemachus visits him in Book 4.
Nausicaa
The beautiful daughter of King Alcinous and Queen Arete of the Phaeacians. She discovers Odysseus on the beach at Scheria and, out of budding affection for him, ensures his warm reception at her parents' palace.
Nestor
King of Pylos and a former warrior in the Trojan War. Like Odysseus, he is known as a clever speaker. Telemachus visits him in Book 3 to ask about his father, but he knows little of Odysseus's whereabouts.
Odysseus
Main character (protagonist) Father of Telemachus, husband of Penelope, king of Ithaca. Smart, cunning, favored of Athena.
Orestes
(technically not in Odyssey) son of Agamemnon and revenged his dad's death.
Patroclus
Achilles best friend, Achilles killed Hector because of Hector's murder of Patroclus.
Penelope
Queen of Ithaca, wife of Odysseus, mother of Telemachus, clever, cunning, has many suitors.
Philoetius
Odysseus's cowherd, helps Odysseus fight in the slaughter in the halls.
Pisastratus
Became a friend of Telemachus's on his voyage to find his father, Odysseus.
Polyphemus
One of the Cyclops (uncivilized one-eyed giants) whose island Odysseus comes to soon after leaving Troy. He imprisons Odysseus and his crew and tries to eat them, but Odysseus blinds him through a clever ruse and manages to escape. In doing so, however, Odysseus angers his father, Poseidon.
Poseidon
God of the sea, Symbols: trident, horses, father of Polyphemus.
Priam
King of Troy (technically not in the Odyssey) father of Paris and Hector.
Scylla
Six-headed monster who lives in the side of the cliff-across from Charybdis.
Sirens
Women who coerced men to come with them by their enchanting songs. Odysseus's men blocked up their ears so they couldn't hear, but Odysseus was tied to the mast and forced himself to listen, but was obviously unable to leave.
Telemachus
Son of Odysseus and Penelope, prince of Ithaca, protagonist of the Telemachia (his coming of age in the Odyssey)
Theoclymenus
Telemachus's prophet. He tells Penelope that Odysseus is already on Ithaca.
Tiresias
Blind prophet in Hades. Tells Odysseus about Helios's island and how to get home.
Zeus
God of gods. Symbols: lightning bolt