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Terms in this set (51)
The New South
After the Civil War, southerners promoted a new vision for a self-sufficient southern economy built on modern capitalist values, industrial growth, and improved transportation. Henry Grady played an important role.
US Army was more in numbers and technology
What factor was most responsible for defeating Native Americans in the west
Treaty of Versailles
Treaty that ended WW I. It blamed Germany for WW I and handed down harsh punishment; War guilt cause, pay for war damage, and Germany oversea colonies were split
A prolonged war (1954-1975) between the communist armies of North Vietnam who were supported by the Chinese and the non-communist armies of South Vietnam who were supported by the United States; Not an actual war because war was never declared (more of conflict)
Nuclear Arms Race
the Cold War competition between superpowers to develop more powerful and greater numbers of nuclear weapons
Great Society Program
A set of domestic programs proposed or enacted in the United States on the initiative of President Lyndon B. Johnson. Two main goals of the Great Society social reforms were the elimination of poverty and racial injustice.
A form of political participation that reflects a conscious decision to break a law believed to be immoral and to suffer the consequences. (Rosa Parks)
Policy of Containment
The U.S. would not fight communism where it already existed but would not allow it to spread to democratic countries.
Brown v. Board of Education
1954 - The Supreme Court overruled Plessy v. Ferguson, declared that racially segregated facilities are inherently unequal and ordered all public schools desegregated.
The Baby Boom
the larger than expected generation in United States born shortly after World War II (1946-1961)
A series of reforms enacted by the Franklin Roosevelt administration between 1933 and 1942 with the goal of ending the Great Depression. Energize the economy through government spending
Progressive Era Political Reforms
Clean up everything from politics, living conditions of urban poor, workplace safety, and food & drug safety
1981-1989,"Great Communicator" Republican, conservative economic policies; Brought back much of the Cold War; called Soviet an evil empire
Base in hawaii that was bombed by japan on December 7, 1941, which eagered America to enter the war; Aircraft carries were not present, so Japanese failed
Life for Industrial Workers
The average American workers came in 6 days and averaged 10 hours a day with no break. They had very low wages ($1.10) and had no benefits such as health insurance, work compensation, or sick days. Children were put to working 60 hours a week with a quarter salary.
the decade of the 1920's which got this nickname because of the times prosperity and excitement
Bay of Pigs
An unsuccessful invasion of Cuba in 1961, which was sponsored by the United States. Its purpose was to overthrow Cuban dictator Fidel Castro.
The world's first space satellite. This meant the Soviet Union had a missile powerful enough to reach the US.(americans felt lost in technology)
Standoff between Khrushchev and Kennedy over control of West Germany. West Germany stays under western control, but Khrushchev builds the Berlin Wall as a result. (major foreign policy tests faced by the Kennedy Administration)
A United States program of economic aid for the reconstruction of Europe (1948-1952) that provided aid to European countries if they asked for it (stalin didnt allow east to accept)
a series of debates between Kennedy and Nixon in the 1960 election that allowed Kennedy to display his maturity and mastery of the issues
Culture of Conformity
Image of a safe and prosperous America, shown to the world to show how capitalism is a great thing; Return to traditional roles with men working and women returning to domestic sphere
Korean War (1950-1953)
This "forgotten war" had been fought because of the American policy of containment; United States divided Korea at 38th Parallel; South Korea was prosperous
Communist leader of China; gained power through the Chinese civil war; defeated US backed Chiang Kai Shek
1947, President Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology, mainly helped Greece and Turkey
United States general who supervised the invasion of Normandy and the defeat of Nazi Germany; pledged to be tough on communism; US interstate named after him
35th President of the United States, didn't believe in segregation; president during the Cuban Missile Crisis ....president from 1961 - 1963; Began campaign tough on communism; 1st tevelised debate
Renewed relations with communist China; Policy of detente (believed policy of containment and truman doctrine not substainable)
Cuban socialist leader who overthrew a dictator in 1959 and established a Marxist socialist state in Cuba (born in 1927); led violent communism revolution
Cuban Missle Crisis (1962)
Standoff between John F. Kennedy and Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev in October 1962 over Soviet plans to install nuclear weapons in Cuba. Although the crisis was ultimately settled in America's favor and represented a foreign-policy triumph for Kennedy, it brought the world superpowers perilously close to the brink of nuclear confrontation.
Group of civil rights workers who took bus trips through southern states in 1961 to protest illegal bus segregation
was a volunteer campaign in the United States launched in June 1964 to attempt to register as many African-American voters as possible in Mississippi.
Murder in Philadelphia
James Cheney, Michael Schwemer, and Andrew Goodman murdered by KK as hijacked on Neshoba County; murderer walked away with mild sentences
He was a civil rights advocate who spurred a riot at the University of Mississippi. The riot was caused by angry whites who did not want Meredith to register at the university. The result was forced government action, showing that segregation was no longer government policy.
March on Washington (1963)
a large political rally that took place in Washington, D.C. on August 28, 1963. Martin Luther King, Jr. delivered his historic "I Have a Dream" speech advocating racial harmony at the Lincoln Memorial during the march. Widely credited as helping lead to the Civil Rights Act (1964) and the National Voting Rights Act (1965). 80% of the marchers were black. Organized by union leader A. Philip Randolph.
Lee Harvey Oswald
On November 22, 1963, he assassinated President Kennedy who was riding downtown Dallas, Texas. Oswald was later shot in front of television cameras by Jack Ruby.
Lyndon B. Johnson
signed the civil rights act of 1964 into law and the voting rights act of 1965. he had a war on poverty in his agenda. in an attempt to win, he set a few goals, including the great society, the economic opportunity act, and other programs that provided food stamps and welfare to needy famillies. he also created a department of housing and urban development. his most important legislation was probably medicare and medicaid.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
outlawed discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin
Voting Rights Act of 1965
a law designed to help end formal and informal barriers to African-American suffrage
Ho Chi Minh
1950s and 60s; communist leader of North Vietnam; used geurilla warfare to fight anti-comunist, American-funded attacks under the Truman Doctrine; brilliant strategy drew out war and made it unwinnable
Dien Bien Phu
A town of northwest Vietnam near the Laos border. The French military base here fell to Vietminh troops on May 7, 1954, after a 56-day siege, leading to the end of France's involvement in Indochina.
Ngo Dinh Diem
American ally in South Vietnam from 1954 to 1963; his repressive regime caused the Communist Viet Cong to thrive in the South and required increasing American military aid to stop a Communist takeover. he was killed in a coup in 1963.
Ho Chi Minh Trail
A network of paths used by North Vietnam to transport supplies to the Vietcong in South Vietnam
A group of Communist guerrillas who, with the help of North Vietnam, fought against the South Vietnamese government in the Vietnam War.
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
1964 Congressional resolution authorizing President Johnson to take military action in Vietnam
Operation Rolling Thunder (1965)
Series of bombing campaign that start in March 1965. Largely trying to cut off the Ho Chi Ming Trail, but it is very very difficult.
Tens of thousands of American troops are being sent to Vietnam. At the peak, there are 536,000 troops in Vietnam.
1968; National Liberation Front and North Vietnamese forces launched a huge attack on the Vietnamese New Year (Tet), which was defeated after a month of fighting and many thousands of casualties; major defeat for communism, but Americans reacted sharply, with declining approval of LBJ and more anti-war sentiment
A culture with lifestyles and values opposed to those of the established culture; washed away by drug and alcohol abuse
Kent State Tragedy
unarmed students demonstrating against United States involvement in the Vietnam War were fired on by panicky troops of the National Guard. Four students were killed and nine wounded. The shooting occurred at Kent State University in Ohio.
The events and scandal surrounding a break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters in 1972 and the subsequent cover-up of White House involvement, leading to the eventual resignation of President Nixon under the threat of impeachment.
Peace with Honor
A phrase U.S. President Richard M. Nixon used in a speech , to describe the Paris Peace Accord to end the Vietnam War.
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