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AP Comparative Gov Nigeria Terms
Terms in this set (51)
Ruthless and corrupt Nigerian military ruler from 1993-1998
Vice-President of Nigeria from 1999 to 2007. He is a Muslim native of Adamawa State, and was an influential member of the ruling People's Democratic Party (PDP) until 2006 when he switched affiliation to the Action Congress party
Republic of South Africa's national party
Famous for his "custodial theory" of government., Military ruler of Nigeria from 1985 to 1993 who sought to establish the failed third republic, Famous for his "custodial theory" of government.
Eastern Nigerian region inhabited mostly by the Ibo people; in 1967 attempted unsuccessfully to secede from Nigeria; defeated and reintegrated in 1970.
a Nigerian militant Islamist group that seeks the imposition of Shariah law throughout all 36 states of Nigeria
a former military ruler of Nigeria and a Muslim from the north who formed the Congress for Progressive Change
A complex network of voluntary associations, economic groups, religious organizations, and many other kinds of groups that exist independently from the government
Basic principle that government and those who govern must obey the law; the rule of law
A method of co-optation whereby authoritarian systems create or sanction a limited number of organizations to represent the interests of the public and restrict those not set up or approved by the state.
Congress for Progressive Change; Political Party in Nigeria
The spread of cultural elements from one society to another
A principle that recognizes people of all ethnicities, religions, and regions. Takes their needs into account. Senators represent diverse states. President must receive 25% of vote in 2/3 of regions. Negative effect of bloating bureaucracy with corruption. Based on "national question" going unanswered.
the largest ethnic group that lives in northern Muslim Nigeria.
The capital of Yoruba people; produced handsome bronze and iron statues.
Nigeria's third largest group who are mostly Christian. They are located in the southeast part of Nigeria. This group has many conflicts with the Yoruba and at one point they tried to become a independent nation.
Colonial government in which local rulers are allowed to maintain their positions of authority and status
Economic activity that is neither taxed nor monitored by a government; and is not included in that government's Gross National Product; as opposed to a formal economy
Independent National Electoral Commission; monitored elections in earlier Nigeria republics
A holy struggle or striving by a Muslim for a moral or spiritual or political goal
President of Nigeria
Northeastern Nigerian group; a smaller, primarily Muslim group
Nigerian leaders at the village level generally conducted business through kinship ties.
President appointing governor to work under him who supports him, that governor appointing someone who supports him, ect.
Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta; One of the largest militant groups in Nigeria
Military in Barracks
Fulfills the traditional duties of the military. Leaders often have been critical of military control of political power.
Military in Government
Interdependence of military and government.
How the country should be governed, or even if Nigeria should remain as one nation.
An organization that is not part of the local or state or federal government
Retired Nigerian Army general and former President of Nigeria, the only Nigerian leader to voluntarily hand power to a democratically-elected government
Kingdom in West Africa
A company or agency owned or controlled wholly or partly by the government. Common in both Mexico (Pemex for example) and Nigeria. Usually inefficient as there is a lack of competition for the goods or services they provide.
An arrangement whereby a ruler depends on a collection of supporters within the state who gain direct benefits in return for enforcing the ruler's will.
Relations in which "Patron" gains support of "Client" through mutual exchange of benefits and obligations.
People's Democratic Party
An election rule in which the candidate with the most votes wins regardless of whether it is a majority
Power Holding Company
Organization governing electricity use in Nigeria
any payment to a factor of production in excess of its opportunity cost
The practice of political leaders who, for the purposes of remaining in positions of power, "rent" public assets to patrons who profit from those public assets; government allows its supporters to occupy positions of power in order to monopolize state benefits.
A law providing for the distribution of a fixed amount or share of federal tax revenues to the states for spending on almost any government purpose.
Rule of Law
principle that the law applies to everyone, even those who govern
Nigerian poet and environmentalist trying to do things legally to make the oil companies environmentally aware
A large muslim state founded in 1809 in what is now Northern Nigeria
a political system in which the state requires all members of a particular economic sector to join an officially designated interest group, with the result that the state gains substantial control over interest groups and interest groups channel or control their members' political and economic advocacy
Structural Adjustment Program
Economic policies imposed on less developed countries by international agencies to create conditions encouraging international trade, such as raising taxes, reducing government spending, controlling inflation, selling publicly owned utilities to private corporations, and charging citizens more for services.
A private organization that compiles statistics about corruption in countries around the world.
True Federalism Movement
southerners believe true federalism can only exist when the central government devolves its power to the state and local levels, Nigerians believe regions should control their own resources, Northerners don't agree with it because of historical basis
Member of the PDP. Became first President of Nigeria to take the reign in a peaceful transfer of power from one president to another. First term is up in 2011.
A West African people who formed several kingdoms in what is now Benin and Southern Nigeria.
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