Upgrade to remove ads
Figures of Speech
Terms in this set (42)
Repetition of initial consonants in adjacent words.
ex. this vichyssoise of verbiage veers most verbose
Repetition of similar vowel sounds
Juxtaposition of words producing a harsh sound.
ex. But never my numb plunker fumbles, misstrums me, or tries a new tune.
Repetition of similar consonant sounds.
ex. And the silken sad uncertain rustling of each purple curtain...
Repetition of sounds in the final syllables of verses.
A rhyme between words that are identical in sound from the point of their first accented syllable forward.
ex. sight, flight; deign and gain and quatrain
a rhyme between a stressed and an unstressed syllable
ex. den, siren
a rhyme with an extra syllable on one word.
ex. bend, ending
Oblique (or Slant) rhyme
a rhyme with an imperfect match in sound
ex. green, fiend
Sight (or Eye) rhyme
a similarity in spelling but not in sound
ex. cough, bough; love, move; brow; crow
Juxtaposition of words producing a pleasant sound
Words of phrases whose sounds correspond to their meanings
ex. plop, fizz, boom, pow
Repetition of a word at the end of a clause at the beginning of another
ex. Fear leads to anger. Anger leads to hate. Hate leads to suffering.
Repetition of the same word or group of words at the beginning of successive clauses.
ex. Mad world! Mad kings! Mad composition!
Repetition of words in successive clauses, in reverse order.
ex. Ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country.
Two elements placed side by side, with the second element serving to define or modify the first.
ex. Rudolph the red-nosed reindeer had a very shiny nose...
Omission of conjunctions between related clauses
ex. Be on of the few, the proud, the Marines
Reversal of grammatical structures in successive clauses (a form of double epanalepsis)
ex. What is Hecuba to he, or he to Hecuba?
Arrangement of words, phrases, or clauses in an order of increasing importance, often in parallel structure
ex. An now abideth faith, hope, charity, these three; but the greatest of these is charity.
The omission of a word or words required by strict grammatical rules but not by sense.
ex. And so to bed [And so I went to bed]
Repetition of the same word or group of words at the ends of successive clauses.
ex. and that government of the people, by the people, for the people shall not perish from the earth
Repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning and end of a clause.
ex. A minimum wage that is not a livable wage can never be a minimum wage.
Similarity of structure in a pair or series of related words, phrases, or clauses.
ex. We've seen the unfurling of flags, the lighting of candles, the giving of blood, the saying of prayers...
Repetition of conjunctions.
ex. here and there and everywhere
a sentence with three clearly defined parts of equal length, usually independent clauses
ex. Veni, vidi, veci [I came, I saw, I conquered.]
An extended metaphor in which a story is told to illustrate and important attribute of the subject
ex. Aesop's fable "The boy who cried wolf" illustrates the consequences of dishonesty by telling a story of a boy who lies.
An indirect reference to another work of literature or art
ex. Like the prodigal son, he returned.
Addressing a thing, an abstraction, or a person not present
ex. O death, where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy victory?
The name of a person or character which has been adopted as the name of something else
ex. She's just a low-down Jezebel!
Substitution of a less offensive or more agreeable term for another.
ex. used cars -> pre-owned vehicles
ex. prison -> correctional facility
Use of exaggeration for effect [inverse of understatement]
ex. I've told you a million times...
A hidden (often crude) meaning in a sentence that makes sense even if the irony is undetected.
ex. If I said you had a beautiful body, would you hold it against me?
Language that conveys a meaning other than the literal definition of the words
ex. The clothing iron's clothes were wrinkled.
Reference to one thing as another, implying a comparison
ex. All the world's a stage.
Reference to something or someone by naming something associated with it
ex. Referring to the President's staff as the White House, or referring to a serving of food as a dish
Placing two ordinarily opposing terms adjacent to one another.
ex. Feather of lead, bright smoke, jumbo shrimp
An apparently contradictory statement that contains a measure of truth
ex. Man learns from history that man learns nothing from history.
Reference to abstractions or inanimate objects as though they had human qualities or abilities
ex. the wind whispered through the treetops
Asking a question for a purpose other than obtaining the information requested
ex. If all your friends jumped off a bridge would you jump off, too?
Explicit comparison of one thing to another
ex. Life is like a box of chocolates.
A whole is represented by one of its parts, or a part by the whole
ex. Referring to workers as hands, or referring to a piano as the ivories
a lesser expression is used than what would be expected [the inverse of hyperbole]
ex. Houston, we have a problem [Apollo 13]
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Communications Schemes and Tropes Terms
English 11 Final Lit Terms
AP LIT TERMS
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
MCAT Mistakes (AAMC)
MCAT Mistakes (Uworld)
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
Sophomore Poetry Terminology
Poetry Terms and Definitions
English Poetry Terms
AP Poetry Review Chapters 11-16