WW1 & It's Impact
Terms in this set (31)
the 4 main causes of WW1; Militarism, Alliance System, Imperialism, Nationalism
an alliance that led to close military and diplomatic ties between France, Britain, & Russia
A policy of glorifying military power and keeping a standing army always prepared for war
Territory taken by Germany from France as a rest of the Franco Prussian war. Was later returned to France as a result of German defeat in WWI
a demand or threat that is final. Austria-Hungary issued this to Serbia
to prepare for war
policy of supporting neither side in a war
A situation in which no progress can be made or no advancement is possible
large gas-filled balloon (used by Germany to bomb England)
group of merchant ships protected by warships; tactic to protect against U-boats
A vital strait connecting the Black Sea and the Mediterranean; the Gallipoli battle was fought over control of this strait
British colonel fighting in the Middle East during WW1 to support Arab revolt against the Ottoman Empire, he later became known as Lawrence of Arabia
A conflict in which the participating countries devote all their resources to the war effort
A military draft
prohibited goods; military supplies and raw materials needed to make military supplies were allowed to be confiscated by military blockades
A British passenger ship that was sunk by a German U-Boat on May 7, 1915. 128 Americans died. The sinking greatly turned American opinion against the Germans, helping the move towards entering the war.
Ideas spread to influence public opinion for or against a cause.
An act of great cruelty and wickedness
A series of proposals in which U.S. president Woodrow Wilson outlined a plan for achieving a lasting peace after World War I.
Concept that ethnicities have the right to govern themselves
An agreement to stop fighting
Disease that occurs over a wide geographic area and affects a very high proportion of the population. ie: Influenza
As part of the Treaty of Versailles, Germany was ordered to pay fines to the Allies to repay the costs of the war. Opposed by the U.S., it quickly lead to a severe depression in Germany.
people who wanted to make extreme changes, dreamed of building a new social order from the chaos
A system in which a group of nations acts as one to preserve the peace of all
A nation governed by another nation on behalf of the League of Nations; Britain & France gained mandates over German colonies, & the Ottoman Empire
Marx's term for the exploited class, the mass of workers who do not own the means of production
council of workers and soldiers set up by Russian revolutionaries in 1917
The secret police under Lenin and his Communist Party
Communist party officials assigned to the army to teach party principles and ensure party loyalty