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dorsal surface

top surface of tongue

ventral surface

undersurface of tongue


posterior one-third of tongue


anterior two-thirds of tongue


tip of tongue


white papilla, entire dorsal surface


red papilla, more sparse


papilla on lateral side of tongue


large mushroom shaped papilla in back

foramen cecum

small circular opening posterior to v

terminal sulcus

v-shaped groove back of tongue


tonsils running on lateral borders of tongue

lingual frenum

stretch of tissue on floor of mouth attached to tongue


veins on ventral side of tongue

plica fimbriota

scallopy tissue streaks on ventral side of tongue


ducts just anterior to lingual frenum

hard palate, free and attached gingiva

places with keratinized tissue

lining mucosa

not keratinized, wet moist mucosa

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