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What is coronal polishing?
coronal polishing is a technique used to remove plaque and stains from the coronal surfaces of the teeth
What is the purpose of selective polishing?
to avoid removing even small amounts of surface enamel unnecessarily
It has been shown that polishing _________ improve the uptake of professionally applied fluoride. Therefore polishing is no longer necessary before fluoride application.
Exogenous stains are those stains caused by an _____________ source. they are subdivided even further as ________ or ________ stains.
environmental; extrinsic; intrinsic
Give examples of intrinsic stains
tobacco stain from smoking, vchewing, or dipping, tetracycline stains and stains from dental amalgam that has become incorporated into tooth's structure
Where are green stains found?
thought to be caused by the sac around a newly erupted tooth that has not been brushed away, therefore, would be found on children's teeth
How are chlorhexidine stains caused?
by the extended use of mouthwash or toothpaste containing chlorhexidine
Air-powder polishing is a method used for what?
removing plaque and stains
Air-powder polishing technique involves the use of what?
specially designed handpiece with a nozzle that delivers a high-pressure streajm of warm water and sodium bicarbonate
Bristle brushes are made of what material?
natural or synthetic
Bristle brushes may be used for what?
to remove stains from deep pits and fissures of the enamel surfaces
Why should bristle brushes be used with special care?
they can cause sever gingival lacerations and must be used with special care
How should the bristle brushes be applied?
lightly to the tooth surface while revolving at the lowest speed
Polishing agents are available as...
commercial premixed pastes or as powders mixed with water or mouthwash to form a slurry used on the polishing cup
How should abrasive paste be kept?
moist while it is being used in the mouth
What kind of paste is used for restorations?
Stroke from the gingival third with just enough pressure to casue the cup to ______.
A disclosing agent is used for what?
to identify areas of plaque and to evaluate that there is no remaining disclosing agent after the procedure is done
Polishing pastes have a _______ polish and _______ abrasion levels