Chapter 15 Section 1
Terms in this set (29)
Very dry, without rain
Gradual transition from fertile to less productive land.
A flat area of land located by a stream or river that floods.
Fine particles of soil in river water that eventually settle.
Redirecting of water to crops using channels and ditches.
Raw material that forms in deposits beneath earths surface.
Cannot reproduce quickly enough to keep pace with its use.
Fracture in Earths crust.
Fertile place in a dry region where water is found.
An underground tunnel used to carry mountain waters to dry plains.
The worlds longest river and largest desert are located in North Africa. What are they?
The Nile river and Sahara desert
What was North Africa like 10,000 years ago before desertification?
It was tropical grassland
What is the Fertile Crescent and why is it important to the region?
Its the area surrounding and extending from the Tigris and Euphrates river. The fertile land allowed agriculture.
How is the Tigris and Euphrates rivers similar and different?
Both go through Iraq and goes to empty in the Persian Gulf. The Tigris carries more water and causes more floods than Euphrates.
How have Farmers between Tigris and Euphrates watered their crops?
The farmers in alluvial plains depended on flooding and irrigation.
What bodies of water surround the Arabian Peninsula?
West of the Red sea, South of Arabian sea and Northeast of Persian Gulf.
According to scientists, how might the Black Sea have been created?
A gigantic long flood caused by the North Anatolian Fault.
Traders crossed the Anatolian Peninsula to trade between which regions?
Europe and Asia
How have the Nile, Tigris and Euphrates rivers support life in the region?
Their floods help agriculture
What effect has desertification of the Sahara have on the population of the region?
People had to migrate to more water supply.
Explain why one of the worlds earliest civilizations began in Mesopotamia.
Fertile area and good location for agriculture.
What makes the soil of an alluvial plain fertile?
Silt makes it fertile and flooding makes silt among riverbanks.
How does the city of Baghdad deal with frequent flooding of the Tigris river?
They use dams, embankments and walls.
Except for a small group of nomads almost no one lives in Rub al Khali in Saudi Arabia. Why?
Its desert life and no good for agriculture.
How did Petroleum develop?
From tiny animals that died years ago. Over time heat and pressure changed organic material into a new substance from pools under rock layer.
What is the effect of the rain shadow created on both the Anatolian and Iranian Plateau?
Makes dry region one only one side of mountain. that side gets alittle bit of rain.
How has climate on the Anatolian Plateau and Iranian Plateau affected settlement?
It has sparse settlement
How have qanats supported human settlements on the Iranian Plateau?
Underground tunnels bring water to all arid lands that support human settlement.
How has climate and location influenced the region in the past and today?
Most of North Africa and southwest Asia has vast desert. It does not help with agriculture which is why there is no settlement. The Fertile Crescent helped life for years. Arabian Peninsula is mostly desert and has many oil reserves and has basis for activity today. The dry climate in Iranian and Anatolian plateaus has sparse settlement. Oases have stops for trade going back and forth from Asia and Europe.