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Referral of a labor dispute to a third party or agency for settlement


List of names of union members, circulated among employers, to prevent those on the list from obtaining jobs.

Closed Shop

Establishment where only union workers are employed. Outlawed under Taft-Hartley Act.

Collective Bargaining

Organized effort of workers through representatives of their own choice for dealing with employers to determine wages, hours, and working conditions.

Company Union

Labor organization which is created and controlled by management.

Craft Union

Organization of workers who perform skilled or semi-skilled labor. Examples: electricians and carpenters.


Insistence by unions on employment of unnecessary workers.

Fringe Benefits

Welfare advantages to workers to supplement wages. Examples: health insurance, vacations with pay, bonuses, allowances for travel time, and recreational facilities.


Court order forbidding unions to engage in certain activities defined as punishable.


Closing of a plant by management to pressure workers to accept employer's terms.

Open Shop

Establishment where employment is not restricted to union members.

Right-to-Work Laws

Laws passed by states legalizing the open shop and removing any requirement that workers must join a union.


Outsider who is brought into a plant to replace a striking worker, thereby helping to break the strike.

Sit-Down Strike

Work stoppage caused when strikers prevent operation of a plant by refusing to leave plant premises. Illegal as a result of Supreme Court ruling.

Union Shop

Establishment in which nonunion workers may be employed provided they agree to join the recognized union of the plant after a specific date. Authorized under Taft-Hartley Act.

Yellow-Dog Contract

Agreement by which a worker promises not to join a union if hired and which he must sign before employment is granted. Outlawed under Taft-Hartley Act.

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