45 terms

Chapter 37 American Pageant APUSH

1. List 4 characteristics of the changing nature of work in the 1950s.
white collar work force for women, white collar workers surpassed blue collared workers in numbers, labor unions reached a peak and then began to decline , science and technoloy drove economic growth
2. Richard Nixon was selected as Dwight Eisenhower's vice-presidential running mate in 1952 as a concession to which group?
hard-line anticommunists
3. During the 1952 presidential campaign, Republican candidate Dwight Eisenhower declared that he would ____________________ to help to end the Korean War.
personally go to korea
4. In terms of politics, list 4 things television did.
applied standards of showbusiness and commercialism to political message, threatended traditional role of political parties, allowed lone-wolf politicians address voters directly, encouraged reliance on short slogans and sound bites
5. What was Dwight Eisenhower's greatest asset as president?
enjoyment of the affection and respect of the americans
6. Among anticommunists, who most damaged free speech and fair play?
General Joseph McCarthy
7. What would the record seem to indicate was President Eisenhower's strongest commitment during his presidency?
social harmony
8. What was Pres. Eisenhower's response to Senator Joseph McCarthy's anticommunist attacks?
allowed him to control the personnal policy at the store dept
9. How did Senator Joseph McCarthy first rise to national prominence?
changing that dozens of known communitsts were working within the state dept
10. What loss was there in the State Department as a result of Senator McCarthy's crusade against communist subversion in America?
lost many asian specialistswho might have counseled a wiser course in Vietnam
11. What brought Senator McCarthy's anticommunist crusade to an end?
alleged that there were communists in the US army
12. What generally generated the new militancy and restlessness among many members of the African American community after 1945?
the gap between american ideals and racial prejudices during WWII
13. List four methods used by African Americans in an effort to overturn Jim Crow laws and the segregated system that they had created.
legal attacks on the underpinning of segregationin courts, mobilization of blacks on behalf of black rights, use of non violent tactics on mahatma ghandi, economic boycotts
14. How are the following related: nonviolent direct action, Montgomery bus boycott, Martin Luther King, Jr., Rosa Parks?
all related to civil rights movement
15. Why did the Supreme Court begin to advance the cause of civil rights in the 1950s?
congress and presidency had largely abdicated their responsibilities
16. What was the 1954 Supreme Court case that ruled racially segregated school systems "inherently unequal"?
Brown v Board
17. What was the outcome of the epochal 1954 decision in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, the Supreme Court?
declared the concept of 'seperate but equal' facilities for whites and blacks constitution
18. On the subject of racial justice, what was President Eisenhower's view regarding the military?
advised against inegrating armed forces
19. How might one best describe President Dwight Eisenhower's attitude toward racial?
not inclined toward promoting integration
20. Of what activities was the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) was an outgrowth?
'sit-in' movement launched by young blacks
21. As president, what did Dwight Eisenhower support in terms of military spending?
putting bleaks on military spending
22. How did President Eisenhower define the domestic philosophy of his administration?
dynamic conservatism
23. What did Dwight Eisenhower's policies toward Native Americans include?
return to the assimilation goals of the Dawes Seerally act
24. What was the Eisenhower-promoted public works project that was far larger and more expensive than anything in Roosevelt's New Deal?
construction of interstate highway system
25. During his presidency, Dwight Eisenhower accepted the principle and extended the benefits of what system?
social security system
26. As a part of his "New Look" foreign policy, President Eisenhower called for "open skies" where?
both usa and ussr
27. As the French fortress of Dienbienphu was about to fall to Ho Chi Minh's communist forces in 1954, what was President Eisenhower's response?
refused to permit military involvement
28. Which of President Eisenhower's policies in the 1950's called for greater reliance on air power and the deterrent power of nuclear weapons than on the army and navy?
'new look'
29. What was the US response in 1956 when Hungary revolted against continued domination by the Soviet Union?
did nothing to help defeat the communist
30. Who was the leader of the nationalist movement in Vietnam since World War I?
hu chi min
31. What did the 1955 Geneva Conference call for in relations to the two Vietnams?
to hold national elections
32. What was the response by the American Central Intelligence Agency in 1953 to a supposed Soviet threat to Middle Eastern oil?
staged to overthrow the iranian gov;t
33. In 1956 the United States condemned ____________________ as the aggressors in the Suez Canal crisis.
Britain and france
34. During the 1950s, the Central Intelligence Agency engineered pro-American political coups in what two countries?
Iran and Guatemala
35. The Suez crisis marked the last time in history that the United States could do this. What?
use its oil weapon
36. The 1957 Eisenhower Doctrine empowered the president to extend economic and military aid to nations of ____________________ that wanted help to resist communist aggression.
middle east
37. What was the U.S. response to the launching of Sputnik by the Soviet Union in 1957?
federal gov'ts began spending millions
38. Why did the Paris summit conference scheduled for 1960 collapse?
because of the U-2 incident
39. List 4 reasons why, by the end of the 1950s, Latin American anger toward the United States intensified.
supported bloody dictators who claimed to be fighting, extended massive aid to europe and little to latin america, intervened in latin america afrairs, CIA directed ___ in guatemala
40. What factor may well have tipped the electoral scales for John F. Kennedy in the presidential election of 1960?
televised debates with nixon
41. How might one characterize the popularity of Dwight Eisenhower when he left the presidency in 1961?
he remained an extraordinary popular figure
42. Who were two postwar American fiction writers who explored the problems and anxieties of affluence?
John Updike and john cheever
43. To whom does the title of Ralph Ellison's novel Invisible Man refer?
and african american who supposed supporters are unable to see him as a real man
44. Compared to World War I, how can the literary outpouring from World War II best be described?
less realistic
45. What was the "end" of many of the better known American poets in the post-World War II era?