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Early Middle Ages Test
Terms in this set (41)
What is the landmass shared by Europe and Asia called?
What mountains separate Europe and Asia?
How many peninsulas does Europe have? What are their names?
3; Italian Peninsula, Iberian Peninsula, and Scandinavian Peninsula.
What does the Danube river run through?
parts of Germany, Austria, and Hungary
What river runs through France?
What was the port entry for most goods going from Asia to Europe?
When did the Middle Ages occur?
between the fall of Rome and the Renaissance (5th-14th centuries)
What is this time period also called?
What does The Dark Ages refer to?
the first half of the middle ages from 500 to 1000 AD
What did many people during the middle ages turn to?
The most powerful ruler during the middle ages was the
What were the most powerful force that helped spread Christianity to Europe?
Saint Patrick: From Slave to Saint
-Born in Great Britain in the 4th century AD
-Was captured by Irish raiders around age 16 and turned into a slave
-While enslaved, he turned to Christianity for hope and guidance
-In a vision, he saw the children of Ireland reaching out their hands to him.
-He became determined to convert the Irish to Christianity
-He escaped slavery when he was about 22 years old.
-He was eventually successful in converting much of Ireland to Christianity
-He did not have the authorization of the Pope when working as a missionary in Ireland
-He became the patron saint of Ireland
What is a monk?
A religious man who lives apart from society in isolated communities
Everything monks need is provided by their
What was the majority of a Monk's day spent doing?
praying, worshipping in church, reading the Bible, and meditating
What are monks forbidden from doing?
owning property, leaving the monastery, or becoming entangled in the concerns of society
Who were generally the most educated people during the Middle Ages?
Monks and nuns
What did the Franks begin as?
A number of Germanic tribes that migrated from northern Europe into Gaul (modern day France)
The Franks were united under the leadership of
Fifteen years after taking the throne, Clovis converted to
Clovis was the first king of the Franks to be recognized by the
The Franks developed the concept of the
knight and the feudal system
-Greatest ruler of the Franks; ruled from 742-814 AD
-Brought many reforms to the Franks including a strong government, written laws, education, a monetary standard, and support for the arts.
-Allowed local cultures and laws to stay the same
-stressed/promoted education, and personally supported many scholars as patrons
-The pope crowned him as the first Holy Roman Emperor
-AKA "Charles the Great"
-Founded both the French and German monarchies
Who invaded Europe from Scandinavia in the north?
What did the Vikings do?
Used ships to travel along Europe's coast and up its rivers, looting towns and taking prisoners to sell as slaves.
What system was the basic government and society in Europe during the Middle Ages based around?
The top leader in the land was the
The king could not control all of the land himself, so he divided it up among the
In return, the Barons pledged their ____________ to the king
loyalty and soldiers
When one royal family stayed in power for a long time, it was called a
What would the barons give the king if they didn't have an army?
pay a tax called shield money
____________ enlisted knights for protection
Knights were guided in their conduct by a code of ethics known as
What did chivalry promote?
honesty, fairness in battle, and proper treatment of noblewomen
____________both followed codes of behavior that emphasized loyalty
Samurai warriors and European knights
90% of people during the Middle Ages were
Most peasants died before they reached age
Most peasants were
slaves who owned nothing, and were pledged to their local lord.
Compare Fuedal Europe to Japan (similarities)
-Both had very little social mobility
-Royalty lived in castles
-Had royalty (kings, queens/emperor, empress)
-Had nobles (lords/daimyos)
-Had warriors (knights/samurais)
-Had warrior code of honor (chivalry/bushido)
-Peasants worked the land
-Had a feudal government
Compare Fuedal Europe to Japan (differences)
-Established in the 800's CE
-View of Women: Fragile flowers who had to be protected
-Art subject matter: focused on religion
-Land ownership: Knights gained land as payment for military service
-Knights were illiterate and only concerned with fighting
-Established in the 1100's CE
-Religion: Shinto and Buddhism
-View of Women: Strong like men and had to face death without flinching
-Art subject matter: focused on nature
-Land ownership: Samurai did not own land
-Samurai were skilled and artistic
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