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Art History Quiz Terms
Terms in this set (36)
Surrealist manifesto 1924
tapping the unconscious self that Freud talks about
Two categories of Surrealist painting
1. Automatism 2. Illusionistic dream imagery
"the present is an absolute mystery"
o Young woman, painted in rich color, before a mirror who was his mistress, Marie Therese Walter
o Matisse inspired background
o Reaches with outstretched arm to mirror as if to accept the duality of human nature
o Duality theme also brought up because her reflection is different than her: perhaps representing life and death
Girl Before A Mirror, Picasso, 1932
• Extreme boldness with such a crazy background/ setting
• Competition for attention between the interesting nude figure and the background
Decorative Figure on an Ornamental Background, 1925-1926, Matisse
giant painting expressing feelings of Franco allowing Hitler to bomb small Spanish Basque town.
• Bull represents the brutality and darkness of the time, horse represents the Spanish people
• Combination of cubism and surrealism
• During Spanish civil war, unable to return to Spain but voiced his hatred for Franco and Fascism through expressive paintings and poetry.
Geurnica, 1937, Picasso
• Admired by two avant-garde generations... one for being primitive (said by Apollinaire) & one for his subject matter
• against reason in art
• during wartime
• uselessness of social interaction,
• protesting against WWI
• "continuous contradiction" and "immediate spontaneity" in his work
Jean Hans Arp
• "machine that makes the art"
Two different kinds of Cubism
Analytic Cubism, Synthetic Cubism
the primary inspiration for Cubism
the materialization of a new space meaning the visual space that he sensed separating objects from each other
Braque def of Cubism
o Applied their analytic method so he all but dissolved the famous dealer's solid, Buddha-like image in a shimmering atmosphere of silvery facets
portrait of vollard, picasso, 1910
o A piece of oilcloth printed in imitation of actual caning
o Framed with a hemp rope, imitation a conventional wood picture frame
Picasso, Still life of Chair Caning, 1912
- The stratagem of using untransformed materials, or a variety of details selectively edited from external reality are seen as a serious method of exploring the new expressive possibilities of mixed media
o The simplicity of the theme is countered by the extraordinary intricacy of a system of interlocking jigsaw-puzzle fragments and by the theatrical brilliance of the color
o This along with other works have fantastic overtones and even a touch of sinister in their distortions→anticipated the dream world imagery of surrealism
Picasso, Three Musicians, 1921
paintings preserved the triangular and circular segment forms of the Cubists, but melted edges and arcs and planes in radiant cores of light and graduated intensities
• Evoke speed, violence, dynamic movement
• Opposed cubist spirit even though they clearly were derived from them
• Wanted to rid themselves of the past and use art as a celebration of modern urban existence
• Underwent ritual baptism and proclaimed themselves "the primmitives of a new and transformed sensibility"
• Showed influence of fin-de-siecle symbolist style
• Revived interest of color
Manifesto of the Futurist Painters, & Technical Manifesto of Futurist Painting,
1910, • Umberto Boccioni, Carlo Carra, Luigi Russolo, Giacomo Balla, Gino Severini, 9 declarations
• Rejection of materialism and the objective world
• Cubist collage called "nonsense realism"
ruler in Russia and believed that art should be primarily social in its purposes and function, new soviet art view, that art be practical, comprehensible
"The Style" taking place in the Netherlands
De Stijl, Modrian leader
Mondrian's exegesis of Art
Neo Platicism in 1919,
what does being modern mean to Boccioni?
Delauney related to which artist movement
"The beginnings of dada were not the beginnings of an ___, but of a _____.
the First International Dada Fair
Berlin, June 1920
"If a straight horizontal thread one meter long falls from a height of one meter onto a horizontal plane twisting as it pleases [it] creates a new image of the unit of length."
In what ways did Matisse's trip to Tahiti influence his art? How does his experience differ from that of Gauguin?
Why does Klein sub-title his article "The Domestication of Exotic Memory
What did the idea of "Tahiti" mean to French citizens when Matisse went there?
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