Terms in this set (14)
"rebirth"; following the Middle Ages, a movement that centered on the revival of interest in the classical learning of Greece and Rome
/ˌrɛprıˌzɛnˈteıʃən/ noun , pl -tions
1 [ noncount ] : a person or group that speaks or acts for or in support of another person or group
He had no legal representation [=he did not have a lawyer] during the trial.
Each state has equal representation in the Senate.
— see also proportional representation
2 [ count ] : something (such as a picture or symbol) that stands for something else
The letters of the alphabet are representations of sounds.
3 [ count ] : a painting, sculpture, etc., that is created to look like a particular thing or person
carved representations of flowers
4 [ noncount ] : the act of presenting or describing a person or thing in a particular way
the film's heroic representation of America
We discussed the representation of women in Jane Austen's novels.
5 [ count ] formal
5 a : a statement made to influence the opinions or actions of others
Her representation of the situation was very confusing.
He was accused of making false representations.
N a frontal view, as in a painting or other work of art (绘画或其它艺术作品中的)正面描绘
1 : the state of being in a place or situation that is separate from others : the condition of being isolated
the isolation of the mountain community
political and economic isolation
a feeling of isolation [=loneliness]
2 : the act of separating something from other things : the act of isolating something
isolation of the gene/virus
: apart from others
The researchers work in isolation.
Their culture developed in isolation [=separately] from the rest of the world.
/ˈmænəˌfɛst/ adj [more ~; most ~]
1 : able to be seen : clearly shown or visible
Their sadness was manifest in their faces.
His love for literature is manifest in his large library.
There was manifest confusion in the streets.
2 : easy to understand or recognize
The truth was manifest [=(more commonly) obvious] to everyone but me.
a manifest injustice
The decision was manifestly [=clearly, obviously] unjust.
verb , -fests, -fest·ed, -fest·ing [ + obj ]
formal : to show (something) clearly
Both sides have manifested a stubborn unwillingness to compromise.
Their religious beliefs are manifested in every aspect of their lives.
Love manifests [=reveals] itself in many different ways. [=love appears in many ways]
Her behavior problems began manifesting themselves soon after she left home.
/ˈkʌlt/ noun , pl cults [ count ]
1 : a small religious group that is not part of a larger and more accepted religion and that has beliefs regarded by many people as extreme or dangerous
a satanic cult
2 : a situation in which people admire and care about something or someone very much or too much
He criticizes the way journalists promote the cult of celebrity in modern America. [=the tendency of people to care too much about famous people]
a cult of personality = a personality cult
3 : a small group of very devoted supporters or fans
a cult of admirers
She has developed a cult following.
4 formal : a system of religious beliefs and rituals
an ancient fertility cult
adj , always used before a noun
: very popular among a group of people
a cult film/novel
Her works have achieved cult status.
The movie is a cult hit/classic/favorite.
/ˈrıʧəwəl/ noun , pl -als
1 : a formal ceremony or series of acts that is always performed in the same way
[ count ] a religious ritual
an ancient fertility ritual
The priest will perform the ritual.
[ noncount ] He was buried simply, without ceremony or ritual.
2 : an act or series of acts done in a particular situation and in the same way each time
[ count ] the daily ritual of preparing breakfast
the bird's mating ritual
[ noncount ] His day-to-day life is based on ritual.
adj , always used before a noun
1 : done as part of a ceremony or ritual
a ritual dance
perform a ritual purification
2 : always done in a particular situation and in the same way each time
a ritual greeting/gesture
a person who receives something
— often + of
She is the recipient of many honors. [=she has received many honors]
1 : a job, activity, etc., that is very suitable for someone
I found a niche for myself after high school.
She finally found her niche as a teacher.
2 : the situation in which a business's products or services can succeed by being sold to a particular kind or group of people
— usually singular
They're still trying to find their niche in the market/industry.
This product fills a niche in the market. = This product fills a market niche. [=provides something that certain kinds of people want to buy]
— often used before another noun
Teenage girls are our niche market. [=are the people we can sell our products to]
niche products/publications [=products/publications that appeal to a particular kind or group of people]
3 technical : an environment that has all the things that a particular plant or animal needs in order to live
the species that fill an environmental/ecological niche
4 : a curved space in a wall that is designed to hold a statue, vase, etc.
Massive, very great, very important
The wide entrance gateway of an Egyptian temple, characterized by its sloping walls
adj.以柱支撑的；英译: (adj.) (of a building or part of a building) having pillars
(v.) to twist out of shape; (n.) an abnormality