process in which viral DNA bceomes part of a host cell's DNA.
the larger of the two kingdoms of prokaryotes
organism that obtains energy from inorganic molecules
substance produced by some bacteria that poisons host cells
pathogen that causes disease in animals by forming a protein clump
virus that infects bacteria
organism that must take in organic molecules for both energy and a supply of carbon
compound that can destroy bacteria
a particle of nucleic acid, protein, and in some cases, lipids
organism consisting of one cell that lacks a nucleus
spiral shaped bacterium
viral DNA that is embedded by the host's DNA
disease causing agent
process in which a host cell bursts after being invaded by a virus
spore formed by bacteria when growth conditions become unfavorable
rod shaped bacterium
process in which a bacterium replicates its DNA and divides in half
organism that can live only in an oxygen free environment
preperation of weakened or killed pathogens
virus having RNA as its genetic material
protein coat of a virus
type of viral infection that causes the cell to burst
exchange of genetic material in bacteria
the ability of a microorganism to produce a protein that disables an antibiotic or prevents transport of the antibiotic into the cell
nonsexual means of reproduction which can include grafting and budding
an organism that uses energy to synthesize organic molecules from inorganic substances
a single-celled, microscopic prokaryotic organism
an outbreak of a contagious disease that spreads widely and rapidly
germ theory of disease
a set of criteria used to establish that a particular infectious agent causes a disease
an organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating organisms or their by-products
animal or plant on which or in which another organism lives
the close associatio of two or more dissimilar organisms where the association is harmful to at least one
an epidemic over a wide geographic area and affecting an exceptionally high proportion of the population
the process by which light energy is converted to chemical energy stored in organic molecules
the process where two cell fuse to form one hybrid
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