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65 terms

Russian Ch 14, 15, 16

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What two continents does Russia span?
Europe Asia
What mountain range creates the boundary between the two regions in Russia?
Ural
What Lake in Russia holds 1/5 of the world's freshwater?
Lake Baikal
What is permanently frozen subsoil called?
Permafrost
What body of water connects Moscow to the Caspian Sea?
Volga River
The Rivers in Siberia flow in what direction?
They flow north to the Arctic Ocean
What is the dominant climate region in Russia?
Subartic
What area feeds much of Russia?
Black Earth Belt
What form of government is in Russia?
Socialism
What area is Russia's highest point found?
Caucasus
What region makes up the majority of the land in Russia and about 25% of its people?
Siberia
Where is the Central Siberian Plateau (Russia)?
Rugged boundary between Russian and China
What is another name for the Northern European Plain in Russia?
Russian plain
Where is the Northern European plain (Russian Plain) located?
Across western and central Europe and into Russia
What is the name of the Russian plain that is 1 million square miles and one of the world's largest flatlands and divides the northern European plan from another plain?
Western Siberian Plain
What Russian river is the world's 4th longest river?
Volga
What Russian river drains Eastward?
Amur River (border between Russia and China)
The Era between 1922 and 1991 in Russia was called the ______ era.
Soviet
What was the fortress built in Russia by Ivan the Great?
St. Petersburg
What was the Cold War?
The struggle between the Soviet Union and the United States for world dominance
Russian is so large that is spans ____ continents.
2
The traditional boundary between European Russia and Asia Russia is marked by what?
Ural Mountains
What is energy generated by falling water?
Hydroelectric power
What is the forest belt in Russia's subarctic climate region?
Taiga
What is black rich soil that supports the production of what and other crops?
Chernozem
What is the vast treeless plain in northern Russia called?
Tundra
What are temperate grassland areas with dry summers and cold, dry winters called?
Steppe
What is the highest point of the Caucasus Mts?
Mt. Elbrus (18,510 feet above sea level)
What is the largest Lake in Asia?
Lake Baikal
What is a general term for a major ethnic group?
Nationality
What does Sovereignty mean?
Self rule
What is the supreme ruler of Russia called?
Czar
What is the belief that calls for greater economic equality called?
Socialism
What is the belief that calls for a new society led by workers called?
Communism
If you were a member of the revolutionary groups that was led by Lenin, what were you called?
Bolshevik
The struggle between communism and capitalism for world independence was called what?
Cold War
What was Perestroika?
Policy of economic restructuring
What was Glasnost?
Policy of greater political openness
What is the belief that there is no God called?
Atheism
What is the second largest religion in Russia?
Islam
What is the religion of Tuva, Buryatia, and Kalmykia called?
Buddhism
What is Russification?
Organized religious persecution
What was art called that glorified Soviet Communism?
Socialist Realism
What was the Kievan Rus?
A loose union of city States organized by the Varangians
In the 600s Slavs settled near what on the North European Plains?
Waterways
What did Ivan the Great build?
Kremlin
What is the Kremlin?
A huge fortress built by Ivan the Great, King of the Muscovites
After Ivan the Terrible expanded the Russian Territory, he made himself what?
Supreme ruler or czar
How did Peter the Great make Russia more modern?
He built ports, encouraged trade
When the Bolsheviks took control of the government in 1917, what kind of government did it change to?
Communist
The countries in the region that were controlled by the Soviet Union were called what?
Satellites
What was the policy that Mikhail Gorbechev began to restructure Russia through?
Perestroika
Russian moved from a ______ economy to a ______ economy which brought economic hardship to Russia.
Command to a Market
When all the Soviet Republics declared independence, what happened?
The Soviet Union collapsed
What has threatened the stability of Russia?
Separatist movements
The Soviet government disapproved of religion. They promoted what?
Atheism
Russian is made up of more that ______ ethnic groups
70
What percentage of the population lives in 2/3 of Russia's land area?
25
Most Russians belong to what church?
Orthodox Church
What is the second largest ethnic group in Russia?
Turkic peoples
Why is Russia's population decreasing?
Poor health care and low birth rates
The Chechens, Dagestanis, and Inguslietians was predominantly what ethnic group?
Caucasian
What "strangled" artistic expression in Russia?
Socialist Realism
Who is Aleksander Solzhenitsyn?
He is a writer who wrote Gular Archepelego
Since 1990, urban population in most industrialized cities in Russian has increased or decreased?
Decreased