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World History Vocab: Word Wall 3

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nomad
A person who has no fixed home and who moves in order to search for water, food, and shelter depending on the season and climate of the area
hunter-gatherer
A person who survived mainly on hunting and gathering as their form of sustenance, they were a step above nomads yet they still didn
neolithic revolution
The beginnings of introducing agriculture and the domestication of animals into society which lessened the dependence on natural elements and gave them the opportunity to civilize and modernize their cultures and traditions
slash-and-burn farming
This is the form of farming where fields are cleared out and created by the cutting down of all previous plants and then burning them, releasing nutrients into the soil and clearing the land of unwanted or unnecessary plants, preparing the land for the integration of agriculture
domestication
To tame (mainly an animal) through close association of humans for many generations, creating animals who have a dependency on humans and what humans provide
civilization
A more advanced type of human society where traditions, cultures, technology, art, economy, and agriculture are utilized in order to create a more prosperous and highly developed community. Civilized communities have a higher chance of survival than those without those vital aspects
pastoral
An adjective generally associated with the rural areas of the world, generalized by their simple living and other characteristics that come from living in rural areas outside of most civilizations
catal huyuk
One of first true cities in history, created in the Neolithic Era in 6500 to 5500 BC, from which were created agriculture, trading, temples, housing, and religions
neolithic ice man
A man who was modernly discovered, but who lived in around 3300 BC found in the Otztal Alps. He is a well preserved mummy, the first one found in Europe, which brought much information about Chalcolithic humans
the leakey family
A family inspired with a passion in the field of anthropology. They devoted their lived to digging at various fossil site including Olduvai, where they made many discoveries as well as inspired many individuals to continue in their paths