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Anatomy Exam 4 Review
Terms in this set (20)
What are the things that can occur during meiosis I and meiosis II?
NOT The sister chromatids are separated from each other
Compare and contrast between meiosis and mitosis
NOT Meiosis occurs only in stem cells while mitosis can occur in any of the body's cells
All BUT one of the following statements are true regarding the differences between early and late spermatids. Select the answer below that DOES NOT reflect a difference between early and late spermatids.
Early spermatids have not undergone meiosis and are still diploid.
All but one of the following statements is true of uterine function. Select the statement that is NOT true of uterine function.
The narrow portion of the uterus near the cervix is the most typical site of fertilization.
The oral contraceptive pill, informally called "the pill" contains an estrogen and progesterone or a synthetic mimic of this hormone. The combination of these two hormones taken in the pill and circulating in the blood work because.
The hormones cause the woman's body to mimic the activities of a pregnancy and disrupt the ovarian cycle, preventing ovulation.
All but one of the following statements describes the necessity of the blood testis barrier. Select the one statement that DOES NOT describe a necessity of the blood testis barrier.
Sperm can only be produced at temperatures lower than body temperature. Inflammation in the testis could raise the temperature too high to produce sperm.
The dartos and cremaster muscles are important to the integrity of the male reproductive system. Which of the following is true about the role they play?
They regulate the temperature of the testes.
What enables the sperm cells to move along the ductus deferens?
Which of the following glands are responsible for 70% of the synthesis of semen?
the seminal vesicles
Which hormone controls the release of anterior pituitary gonadotropins?
What is the name of the structure that receives the ovulated oocyte, providing a site for fertilization?
the fallopian tubes
Which female structure is homologous to the male scrotum?
the labia majora
What are the different parts of the proliferative phase of the female menstrual cycle?
When normally menstruation occurs (functionally, not time)?
blood levels of estrogen and progesterone decrease
What is the basic difference between spermatogenesis and oogenesis?
in oogenesis, one mature ovum is produced, and in spermatogenesis four mature sperm are produced from the parent cell
Why doesn't semen enter the urinary bladder during ejaculation?
The smooth muscle sphincter at the base of the urinary bladder closes.
Describe the hormonal events of the ovarian cycle
High estrogen levels result in a surge of LH release.
The duct system of the male reproductive system includes ________.
the ductus deferens, a duct that runs from the epididymis up into the pelvic cavity
A boy who has not passed through puberty sustains an injury to his anterior pituitary such that FSH is no longer released, but LH is normal. After he grows to maturity, one would expect that he would ________.
be sterile/unable to produce viable sperm
Which of the following statements about the female reproductive process is NOT true?
Rebuilding the endometrium is under the control of prolactin.
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