1)brain controls heart, respiratory rate, and blood pressure. With the ANS controls internal environment through the endocrine system.
2)cranial nerves, used by the brain, innervate the peripheral head, neck, and viscera.
3) brain performs higher functions: intelligence, consciousness, memory, sensory-motor integration, emotion, behavior, and socialization.
parietal and temporal lobe, located near auditory and visual areas of the brain. Integrates special information, body sense. Uses proprioception, visual, and vestibular apparatus. determines how to move limbs.
Pathway of info:
Visual information from the back of head travels to pathways (streams) dorsal and ventral to the association areas. Dorsal extends to the postcentral gyrus, the where path, identifies location. Ventral is an inferior stream, the what pathway, responsible for recognition and identifying things. Even plays a role in reading.
Auditory info passes multiple paths too. Posterolateral pathway, parietal lobe to frontal lobe, the where pathway. Tells you where sound is coming form. Anterolateral pathway temporal lobs to frontal lobe, the what pathway, identifying what you heard.
On the left hemisphere in this area is wernick's area of the brain, dealing with language comprehension. Damage to this area would affect language.
multimodal association area, anterior region of the frontal lobe. Receives processed information from the posterior association area, uses past experiences by way of the limbic. Planes and initiates motor responses, and continues to respond to the sensory and body stimulus. Memory recall also takes place here.
Region necessary for: reasoning, abstract ideas, judgement and impulse control, long-term planning, complex problem solving, humor, social skills, empathy, and consciousness. Not fully formed until adulthood.
13th EditionDavid N. Shier, Jackie L. Butler, Ricki Lewis
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