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Civics Unit 3 Test
Terms in this set (20)
A form of government in which one ruler has all power. That ruler commonly abuses their power.
A group of people in a different place than their homeland. England had these so that they could get recourses from different parts of the world, as well as trading with them. In return, these people received protection for their homeland.
Rule of law
The idea that all people must follow the laws, and that laws are enforced fairly
A system of government where people make their own decisions on how their government should work
The ability to make decisions by yourself
A government that has been limited in power by a constitution, or written agreement.
English philosopher who thought that people had natural rights that they were born with. He supported the idea of the governed people being able to overthrow the government if they did not fulfill their part of the social contract, which was protecting their rights
He believed that people where born selfish, and once they involved themselves in a social contract, they lost the right to overthrow the government, even if their rights were not being protected
A journalist who wrote common sense
Wrote the Declaration of Independence
State of nature
An imaginary situation of there being no government. This includes people fighting over everything, because nobody has any rights, including their natural rights, and everyone can do whatever they want because there are no laws.
A voluntary agreement between the government, and the people they governed. The people would give the government power, their rights, and loyalty. In return the government would protect the rights of the people.
Rights that all humans are born with. These rights are life, liberty, and property (the pursuit of happiness in the EBOR)
A document that limited the power of the King, and the nobles. Therefor, giving the citizens rights. Demanded due process of the law and fair trials
An agreement to self-government that was established by the pilgrims. The colonists agreed that the laws would be followed by everyone. As well as stating that the colonists would make sure that the new government would serve common good
English Bill of Rights (EBOR)
A document that stated certain demands, such as free elections to parliament, and multiple different rights. It limited the powers of the government and parliament, such as not allowing they to have excessive bail or fines or cruel and unusual punishment
A pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that encouraged people to have self-government, and talked about breaking away from government.
Decleration of Independence
the document, written by Thomas Jefferson in 1776, in which Continental Congress declared the colonies independence from Britain
Declaration of Natural Rights
We hold these truths to be self evident, that all men are created equal, that they are edowed by their creator with certain unalienable rughts, that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. That to secure these rights, governments are instituted ammong men deriving their just powers - from the consent of the governed. That whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the poeple to alter or to abolish it, and to institute a new government.
List of grievances
A list of complaints about the King, that the colonists came up with.
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