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History ch 27
Terms in this set (46)
The seizure of a country or territory by a stronger country
Scottish missionary who went to Africa to promote Christianity, went years w/o word
To abolish the space trade and promote Christianity
What did King Leopold claim his motive for establishing Belgian Congo? (Did the opposite)
The belief that one race is superior to others
Social theory in which Charles Darwin's ideas about evolution and natural selection are applied
Worlds first automatic machine gun
Agreed that any European country could claim any land in Africa by notifying other nations of its claims and showing it could control the area
Zulu chief that used highly disciplined warriors and good military to create a large centralized state
First Europeans to settle in south Africa
Several thousand Boers began to move north to escape the British
Who won the Boer War?
The colonization of Africa began as king L. of Belgium commissioned Stanley to obtain land where?
African people were separated into hundreds of separate ethnic and linguistic groups
What is one factor that helped Europeans colonize Africa?
To prevent the fighting among European nations over the division of Africa
Main purpose of the Berlin Conference
The Boer War
The opposition of Dutch settlers to British policy in S.A. turned violent during .....?
4 forms of colonial control
Colony, protectorate, sphere of influence, economic imperialism
It was one of the most culturally diverse areas in Africa
Why would Nigeria be difficult to manage?
Only african nation that successfully resisted the Europeans
Ethiopian victory due to this man
Battle of Adowa
Ethiopian forces successfully defeated the Italians and kept their nation independent
Development of future leaders
What was the goal of indirect control?
Watched over and taken care of
The European policy of paternalism reflected the belief that Africans should be ......
Europeans insisted on growing cash crops, instead of subsistence farming
What caused low food supplies in Africa during colonization?
There was a breakdown and diffusion of traditional cultures
One result of colonial rule in Africa was that
An interest in or taking of land for its strategic location or products
The Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea
What did the Suez Canal connect?
Gaining access to the Persian gulf and the Indian Ocean
What was Russia especially interested in?
Russia wanted control of lands on the Black Sea to gain access to the Mediterranean Sea
What was the main reason for the Crimean war?
Muhammad Ali instituted a series of reforms in the military and in the economy of
Egypt could not pay its foreign debt
Why did Britain take control of the Suez Canal?
He sold a concession to a British firm to export tobacco
Why were Persians unhappy w/ their ruler Nasir al-Din?
"Jewel in the crown"
What did Britain call India?
The most valuable
What does "jewel in the crown"
Rebellion of Hindu and Muslim soldiers against the British in India
British-controlled parts of India
British gov. took direct command of India
One result of sepoy mutiny
Modernize & change some of their cultural practices
According to Ram Mohun Roy, in order to successfully move towards independence, Indians had to
Leader of the Filipino nationalists
McKinley Tariff Act
Eliminated the tariffs on all sugar entering the U.S.
Because of the strategic location and natural resources found there
Why did western nations desire lands in the pacific rim?
The main reason for British colonization of Singapore was to obtain use of its
King Mongkut led efforts to modernize the independent country of
The Philippine islands
As a direct result of the spanish-american war, the U.S. acquired
She wanted to restore the political power of the native Hawaiians
Why did American sugar planters overthrow queen L?
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