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romanesque art (1050-1150)

Key Concepts:

Terms in this set (33)

-i. This pilgrimage church is located high in the Pyrenees Mountains between Spain and France along the route to Santiago de Compostela in Spain.
-- ii. It was originally an abbey, but only small parts of the monastery still exist.
-- iii. Like most pilgrimage churches it has a cruciform plan with a barrel-vaulted nave lined with interior arches. The plan was symbolic and helped control the crowds of pilgrims by providing a route through the church toward the apse where radiating chapels holding saints' shrines could be visited. A door in the transept allowed for an easy exit after making ablutions.
--iv. The Last Judgment scene on the tympanum above the main entrance provided an important message to worshippers. a.​In the center the figure of Jesus enthroned sits in judgment with right hand upraised and left hand down. b.​Mary, Peter, and an entourage of saints stand on Jesus' right side above a symbolic representation of the house of paradise holding the saved. c.​The hand of god is visible pointing to a kneeling Saint Foy (Faith) d. Below Jesus, angels open graves allowing the dead to be judged. On Jesus' right, a carved door opens to Paradise. On his left, a monster's open mouth leads to Hell. e.​The symbolic house of Hell is a chaotic scene presided over by a monstrous devil, also enthroned. f.​Each of the damned represents a particular sin and was meant as a warning to worshippers and clergy.
--v. The reliquary of Saint Foy is one of the most famous in Europe and was the object pilgrims came to see.
--vi. Saint Foy was a young girl who was martyred for refusing to sacrifice to the pagan gods of Roman Gaul (France), and she was one of the most popular saints in southern France, ensuring the town of a steady stream of income from pilgrims.
---vii. During this time period, large three-dimensional representations were not trusted due to an association with the pagan idolatry of the past, while smaller sculptures were tolerated.
---viii. This reliquary, which holds the remains of the martyr, although small, was unusually sumptuous for the time period. Many of the precious gems, antique cameos, and intaglios were donated by pilgrims and were added to the artwork.
-- ix. The head may have come from a Roman sculpture of a child repurposed to signify the victory of Christianity over paganism.