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Steph - Social Studies - Chapter 6 - Sections 1+2
Terms in this set (43)
a long poem that tells a story
a high rocky hill where early people built cities
a city with its own traditions, government, and laws, both a city and a separate independent state.
a member of a rich and powerful family
a ruler who takes power with the support of the middle and working classes.
a form of government in which citizens govern themselves.
in an area of land surrounded by water on three sides
someone or something that lives forever
in ancient Greece, a sacred site used to consult a god or goddess; any priest or priestess who spoke for the gods.
someone who used reason to understand the world; in Greece the earliest philosophers used reason to explain natural events.
a type of serious drama that ends in disaster for the main character.
payments made to Athens by its allies, added to its wealth
Ruler of all gods and humanity
Goddess of marriage and childbirth
God of music and poetry
Goddess of hunting
Goddess of wisdom and war
God of war
Goddess of love
Messenger of the gods
God of Earthquakes and the ocean
Goddess of fertility
Philosopher who taught in Athens. Wanted people to consider the true meaning of qualities such as justice and courage. "Know Thyself"
Writer. Mistrust democracy. Wrote The Republic. Believed society should be made up of three groups - workers, soldiers, and philosophers-rulers. Founded a school in Athens - Academy.
Taught by Plato. Believed the reason should guide the pursuit of knowledge. Founded his own school - Lyceum
One of the first philosophers. Believed water was the basic material of the world. Everything was made from it.
Philosopher. Believed everything was made from atoms
Family of Gods and Goddesses
Most powerful man in Athenian politics, supported democracy. Had the city pay a salary to its officials. Constructed the Parthenon
Temple built to honor the patron, or protector of Athens, the Goddess Athena
In most plays, authors used them to give background information, comment on the events or praise the gods.
Greek Architects based the design of the buildings on this figure. Long sides about one and two thirds times the length of the short sides.
Statue and Sculptures
Full of action. Show balance and order. Lifelike and accurate. Views of humans and animals
made fun of well-known citizens and politicians and made jokes about the customs of the day.
Mountains and islands are the major landform. Only small patches of farmland. Greeks mainly became traders and sailors.
Lived on Island of Crete. Developed sea trade and dominated the Aegean Sea. They developed vibrant culture and worshipped Goddesses. Relied on Trade to gain power. Was taken over by the Mycenaean.
Controlled the Aegean Sea and parts of the Mediterranean. Used writing and spoke an early form of modern Greek. Relied on conquests to spread their power.
Wooden horse, thought as a gift but hid warriors inside.
Poet who wrote the Iliad and Odyssey. Epics depicted the Trojan War
After Trojan War, civilization in Greece collapsed. Poverty was everywhere. Forgot art of writing and without it people relied on word of mouth to keep traditions and history alive.
Wise Athenian leader. His laws reformed both the economy and the government of Athens. Cancelled all debts and freed citizens who had been enslaved for having debt. Also allowed any male citizen of Athens 18 yrs or older to have a say in debating important laws.
Only 1 in 5 were citizens. A man had to have an Athenian father and mother. Men who were citizens were free and self governing.
Golden Age of Athens
Athens grew rich from trade and from silver mined by slaves in regions around the city. Also made important achievements in arts, philosophy, literature, and democracy.
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