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79 terms

Religion 10 - Semester 1 Final

This is where I'm putting notecards for the units that aren't already on here; the others can be found under my "religion" tags.
STUDY
PLAY
Inspiration
The Bible is inspired, which means that, though the writers were influenced by the Holy Spirit/God/Jesus, they wrote what they wanted to be said, not what someone told them to write
Evangelist
One who spreads the Word of God
Epistle
Biblical letter found in the New Testament
Gentile
Any non-Jewish person
Infancy narratives
Gospel stories about the birth of Jesus; found in the Gospels of Matthew and Luke
Gospel
Word meaning "good news"; writing describing Jesus' life, death, and resurrection
Testament
Word meaning "covenant"; Old one = God's old promises, while the New one = God's new promise in which humanity is saved from its sins
Canon
List of books that make up the Scripture
Messiah
Sign of God's new covenant
Synoptic Gospels
Gospels that include many of the same stories; include the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke
Genealogy
Essentially a family tree; something showing who your ancestors were
Jesus
"Yahweh saves"; son of God and Mary; believed by Christians to be the Messiah
Exegesis
Critical examination of a text; used by our class when we read the Bible
Incarnation
"To make flesh"; Jesus is this version (for lack of better word) of God
Divinity/Divine
From/of/relating to God
Context
The point of view taken on when reading or hearing about something
Revelation
Type of religious truth that focuses on who God is
Morality
Type of religious truth that focuses on how we, as humans, should live our lives
Human nature
Type of religious truth that focuses on who we, as humans, are
Historical truth
Objective facts of historical events without further interpretation
Religious truth
Deeper meaning of what God intends to reveal to people through historical truth
Matthew
One of four Gospel writers; his main theme was that Jesus was the Messiah
Mark
One of four Gospel writers; his main theme was that Jesus was human as well as divine (Put an emphasis on Jesus' trials and suffering)
Luke
One of four Gospel writers; his main theme was that God's salvation is not just for Jews, but for all of humanity
John
One of four Gospel writers; his main theme was that Jesus was the divine son of God
Historical-critical method
Method our class uses to study the Bible; in order to find the deeper meaning of the Biblical text, we must also have knowledge of the history and culture during the time and place of events
Oral tradition
Stories passed from generation to generation without being written down; limits the reliability of the Bible due to the stories being changed over time
Church tradition
We all know that one source of religious truth for Catholics is the Scriptures, but can you say the other source?
Explains; fulfills
The Old Testament ______ the New Testament, and the New Testament ______ the Old Testament
Galilee
Northernmost region of Israel; where Jesus spent most of his life
Nazareth
Town where Jesus grew up
Capernaum
Town near the Sea of Galilee that became Jesus' "home base" when he was older
Jordan River
River where Jesus was baptized
Sabbath
Jewish day of rest; traditionally on Saturday; no one was allowed to work on it
Jerusalem
City where the Temple was located, and where Jesus died and was resurrected
Cana
Town where Jesus turned water into wine, which was his first miracle
Bethlehem
Town where Jesus was born
Sea of Galilee
Essentially where all water-related miracles took place
Passover
Jewish holy day; commemorated the day when the Jews were freed from slavery by the Egyptians
Herod the Great
Ruled from 37 BC - 4 BC; massacred innocents in an attempt to kill Jesus (Whom the Magi had called "King of the Jews")
Herod Archelaus
Ruled Samaria and Judea from 4 BC - AD 6; apparently the reason Jesus did not grow up in Bethlehem
Herod Antipas
Ruled in Galilee from 4 BC - AD 39; had a significant role in the execution of John the Baptist and a smaller role in Jesus' crucifixion
Herod Philip
Ruled from 4 BC - AD 34; not very significant in the Bible
Spirit of the Law
The meaning/reasoning behind laws; what God wants us to focus primarily on
Letter of the Law
The exact word-for-word meaning of laws; what the Pharisees focused primarily on
Miracle
Works of wonder or extraordinary occurrences showing God's intervention in the world; meant to deepen faith and understanding of the Kingdom of God, not force it (Faith was always present before one was performed)
Beatification
One part of canonization; when people earn the title of "Blessed," ie Blessed Mother Theresa
Canonization
Process of confirming someone to be a saint, which means that the Church can recognize that this person is definitely in heaven
Messianic Secret
Jesus' secret that he is the Messiah who was sent from heaven to save us from our sins
Pronouncement stories
One of the five teaching methods Jesus used; included the main messages Jesus wanted to teach; often had a "punch line"
Proverbs
One of the five teaching methods Jesus used; short, thought-provoking statements; "words to the wise"
Instructions for followers
One of the five teaching methods Jesus used; guidelines for living out the Kingdom of God
Parables
One of the five teaching methods Jesus used; comparison stories and sayings used to explain the Kingdom of God
Wonders
One of the five teaching methods Jesus used; miraculous works that were meant to convey a religious truth
Healing miracle
One of the four types of miracles Jesus performed; commitment to the poor and outcast; offering forgiveness of sins
Exorcism
One of the four types of miracles Jesus performed; exercise control over evil; offering freedom from evil
Restoration of life
One of the four types of miracles Jesus performed; offering freedom from the ultimate effect of sin (death)
Natural miracle
One of the four types of miracles Jesus performed; showing concern for all of humanity and love of all creation
If our sins are forgiven, we can join the Kingdom of God
Why would Jesus say forgiving sins is more of a miracle than a physical healing?
Centurion
Soldier-like person; said Jesus was truly the son of God after the veil in the Temple tore upon Jesus' death
Suffering Servant
Isaiah's image of the Messiah; someone who will unjustly suffer to save us from our sins; what most believe Jesus is the fulfillment of
Ascension
Jesus physically rising from Earth to heaven; happened 40 days after the resurrection
Mary Magdalene
Someone who was very close to Jesus; first one to see Jesus resurrected
Blessed are those who believe without seeing
What religious truth can be found in the story of Doubting Thomas?
He appeared to believers, who at first didn't recognize him, and then got excited when they did
What are the major themes of the post-Resurrection sightings of Jesus?
He takes away the effects of sin
What might be clearer to say than "Jesus died for our sins"?
Pentecost
Christian holiday commemorating the Holy Spirit coming upon the Apostles; known by many today as the "birthday of the Church"
Seven gifts of the Holy Spirit
Freely given by Jesus through the Holy Spirit as help so that we may keep the new covenant
Evangelism
Spreading the Good News
Deacons
Assistants who divided society's possessions in such a way that everyone got what they needed
Letter to the Hebrews
Less of an epistle and more of an extended sermon or speech; audience was early Christians who were likely to fall out of faith; meant to reassure them
Apocalyptic literature
Bible stories about revelation, which is God being revealed to people; written in code so that the Romans wouldn't understand
Holy Spirit
Third form of the trinity; some images of it are fire and a very strong wind
12 fruits of the Holy Spirit
What we freely receive when we use the Gifts of the Hoy Spirit
Matthias
12th Apostle who replaced Judas Iscariot after he killed himself
Catholic Epistles
Epistles that teach conduct to believers, warn against false teachers, and offer encouragement in the light of suffering; written for believing Christians; written by James the Lesser, John the Apostle, Judas Thaddeus, and Peter Simon
Apocalypse
Word meaning "revelation"
He will come again
What does Jesus promise during the ascension?
The Holy Spirit
What is Acts of the Apostles mainly about?