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CPT Test Prep
Terms in this set (60)
Which is an example of a dynamic stretch?
• standing quadriceps stretch
• seated calf stretch
• butterfly stretch
• pendulum leg swing
pendulum leg swing
For individuals with lower fitness, intensity levels as low as ____% VO2R or below may provide sufficient challenge to increase VO2max.
You now are ready to proceed with scheduling a fitness assessment with your client tomorrow. To get the most accurate heart rate response, how long should the client refrain from drinking caffeinated beverages prior to the assessment?
The ____ plane (also called the coronal plane) divides the body or structure into anterior and posterior portions.
____of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems is required to have beneficial adaptations in cardiorespiratory endurance.
Although some activity is better than none, how many days of aerobic exercise are recommended per week?
3 to 5
Because Personal Trainers on the floor are a walking advertisement of their style and services, it's important they constantly exhibit _____.
What kind of stretching involves a bouncing or jerky type movement to reach the muscle's ROM limits?
Altering joint angles and positioning, primary exercises versus assistance exercises, or multi-joint exercises versus single-joint exercises to stress the muscles and joints specified by the client's needs analysis are examples of ____.
The benefits of resistance training are numerous and include increases in strength, muscle mass, and ____.
The maximum pressure in the arteries and veins created by the heart as it pumps blood to every part of the body is what kind of blood pressure?
What should always be done before hands-on spotting?
By building a trusting and respectful relationship with the client, what are you building?
____ refers to the ability of a muscle or muscle group to exert force (e.g., one repetition maximum).
If the client is talking more than the Personal trainer, that's a good sign that a ____ approach is being taken.
____ refer to exercises that link strength with speed of movement to produce power and were first known simply as "jump training."
The delivery of technical processes or preplanned behaviors that are to be performed in a certain manner toward the client is known as:
General baseline targets for time spent exercising depend on the ____ of the exercise.
What strategy involves making statements that aim to bridge the gap between what the client is saying and the meaning behind the statements?
____ is movement resulting in a decrease of the joint angle, usually moving anteriorly in the sagittal plane.
What kind of crunches are performed lying face up?
_____ is the phasic manipulation of the training variables (volume, intensity, frequency, and rest intervals) as a means of optimizing desired physiological outcomes while concurrently reducing the incidence of overtraining.
Remind exercisers to ____ slowly as they move toward the end point of a stretch and inhale as they return to the starting position.
____ is a process whereby a service or program is delivered in a manner to fully conform to the most relevant standards of practice and that uses operational strategies to ensure day-to-day fulfillment, ensure optimum achievement of desired client outcomes, and minimize risk of harm to clients.
____ is a self-guided screening questionnaire that focuses on symptoms of heart disease and possible musculoskeletal problems needing evaluation before beginning an exercise program.
Which energy pathways use the anaerobic energy system?
ATP-PC and Glycolysis
Are the training goals realistic in relation to the sport or health enhancement for which the client is being trained? Is the attainment of a particular training goal vital to the program's success? These difficult questions need to be continually asked in the ____ phase of each training cycle for any program.
For general muscular fitness, resistance training the major muscle groups (chest, shoulders, back, abdomen, hips, and legs) is recommended on how many days per week?
2 to 3
When assessing waist-to-hip ratio, you should
take multiple measurements until each is within
how many mm?
How many seconds are recommended for accuracy in determining resting heart rate?
When beginning a resistance training program, older adults should perform how many repetitions of each exercise?
10 to 15
Remember to phrase all cues ____, as in "Make sure to always keep a slight bend in your knees" instead of "Don't lock your knees."
What form is used to obtain critical contact information?
Impaired glucose tolerance is consistent with ____.
Increases in ____ fitness are associated with a reduction in death from all causes.
Your client is a 57-year-old male with a history of low back issues. His blood pressure is under control with antihypertensive medication, and he walks daily for 30 minutes. Based on this data, how many risk factors does he have?
____, or high BP, is a condition in which the resting BP, either SBP or DBP or both, is chronically elevated above the optimal or desired level.
____ carry a reduced risk of injury because the client's body is more stable and movement is more restricted.
In overweight or obese adults, exercise intensity should be no greater than
60-80% of maximum heart rate
Your potential client has a history of swollen ankles and reports shortness of breath when walking up the stairs. Who would you want the client to obtain clearance from before starting training?
You should recommend a medical exam and a graded exercise test before training a ____ client who wants to perform moderate exercise.
By allowing a gradual progression toward resting rather than abruptly stopping exercise, the client will avoid an acute, excessive drop in ____ that could result in dizziness.
If a client expresses any trepidation about a test, how should the Personal Trainer respond?
Honor the request without any pressure.
Anaerobic means what?
Does not require oxygen
What is the most common manifestation of muscle injury?
delayed onset muscle soreness
____ refers to the range of permissible professional activities that a Personal Trainer may undertake, coupled with an understanding of the boundaries that serve as limits on these activities.
Scope of practice
A loss of consciousness or dizziness is called ____.
As training proceeds and an individual approaches genetic limits, what does the rate of adaptation do?
What plane is walking predominantly performed in?
What is the most prominent adaptation seen with resistance training?
The ____ pulse is located in a groove between the triceps and biceps muscles on the medial side of the arm, anterior to the elbow, and palpated with the first two fingers in the medial part of this groove.
"How do you think the workout went?" "Did you feel that you worked out hard enough? Too hard? Just right?" and "What did you find went especially well or easier? What was particularly challenging?" are questions that will encourage what?
ATP stands for _____________ _____________.
____ contractions occur when an active muscle (contracting) is lengthened by an external force or moment.
The average resting heart rate for adults is
It is a risk for women to have a waist to hip ratio larger than
Aerobic means what?
An acceptable systolic blood pressure range is
Less than or equal to 120
How many minutes of aerobic activity is recommend minimally for the general population?
30 minutes a day, 5 days a week
Muscular Endurance is what?
The ability of the body to produce low levels of force and maintain them for extended periods
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