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180 terms

English Vocab 1-9

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adulterate
(v.) to corrupt, make worse by the addition of something of lesser value
ambidextrous
(adj.) able to use both hands equally well; very skillful; deceitful, hypocritical
augment
(v.) to make larger, increase
bereft
(adj., part.) deprived of; made unhappy through a loss
deploy
(v.) to position or arrange; to utilize; to form up
dour
(adj.) stern, unyielding, gloomy, ill-humored
fortitude
(n.) courage in facing difficulties
gape
(v.) to stare with open mouth; to open the mouth wide; to open wide
gibe
(v.) to utter taunting words;
(n.) an expression of scorn
guise
(n.) an external appearance, cover, mask
insidious
(adj.) intended to deceive or entrap; sly, treacherous
intimation
(n.) a hint, indirect suggestion
opulent
(adj.) wealthy, luxurious; ample; grandiose
pliable
(adj.) easily bent, flexible; easily influenced
reiterate
(v.) to say again, repeat
stolid
(adj.) not easily moved mentally or emotionally; dull; unresponsive
tentative
(adj.) experimental in nature; uncertain, hesitant
unkempt
(adj.) not combed; untidy; not properly maintained; unpolished, rude
verbatim
(adj. adv.) word for word; exactly as written or spoken
warily
(adj.) cautiously, with great care
adroit
(adj.) skillful, expert in the use of the hands or mind
amicable
(adj.) peaceable, friendly
averse
(adj.) having a deep-seated distate; opposed, unwilling
belligerent
(adj.) given to fighting, warlike; combative, aggressive;
(n.) one at war, one engaged in war
benevolent
(adj.) kindly, charitable
cursory
(adj.) hasty, not thorough
duplicity
(n.) treachery, deceitfulness
extol
(v.) to praise extravagantly
feasible
(adj.) possible, able to be done
grimace
(n.) a wry face, facial distortion
(v.) to make a wry face
holocaust
(n.) a large-scale destruction, especially by fire; a vast slaughter; a burnt offering
impervious
(adj.) not affected by or hurt by; admitting of no passage or entrance
impetus
(n.) a moving force, impulse, stimulus
jeopardy
(n.) danger
meticulous
(adj.) extremely careful; particular about details
nostalgia
(n.) a longing for something past; homesickness
quintessence
(n.) the purest essence or form of something; the most typical example
retrogress
(v.) to move backward; to return to an earlier condition
scrutinize
(v.) to examine closely
tepid
(adj.) lukewarm, unenthusiastic, marked by an absence of interest
adversary
(n.) an enemy, opponent
alienate
(v.) to turn away; to make indifferent or hostile; to transfer, convey
artifice
(n.) a skillful or ingenious device; a clever trick; a clever skill; trickery
coerce
(v.) to compel, force
craven
(adj.) cowardly
(n.) a coward
culinary
(adj.) of or related to cooking or the kitchen
delete
(v.) to erase, wipe out, cut out
demise
(n.) a death, especially of a person in a lofty position
exhilarate
(v.) to enliven, cheer, give spirit or liveliness to
fallow
(adj.) plowed but not seeded; inactive; reddish-yellow
(n.) land left unseeded
(v.) to plow but not seed
harass
(v.) to disturb, worry; to trouble by repeated attacks
inclement
(adj.) stormy, harsh; sever in attitude or action
muse
(v.) to think about in a dreamy way, ponder
negligible
(adj.) so unimportant that it can be disregarded
perpetuate
(v.) to make permanent or long lasting
precedent
(n.) an example that may serve as a basis for imitation or later action
punitive
(adj.) inflicting or aiming punishment
redress
(v.) to set right, remedy
(n.) relief from wrong or injury
sojourn
(n.) a temporary stay
(v.) to stay for a time
urbane
(adj.) refined in manner or style, suave
affiliated
(adj., part.) associated, connected
ascertain
(v.) to find out
attainment
(n.) an accomplishment, the act of achieving
bequeath
(v.) to give or pass on as an inheritance
cogent
(adj.) forceful, convincing; relevant, to the point
converge
(v.) to move toward one point, approach nearer together
disperse
(v.) to scatter spread far and wide
esteem
(v.) to regard highly
(n.) a highly favorable opinion or judgement
expunge
(v.) to erase, obliterate, destroy
finite
(adj.) having limits; lasting for a limited time
invulnerable
(adj.) not able to be wounded or hurt; shielded against attack
malevolent
(adj.) spiteful, showing ill will
nonchalant
(adj.) cool and confident, unconcerned
omniscient
(adj.) knowing everything; having unlimited awareness or understanding
panacea
(n.) a remedy for all ills; cure-all; an answer to all problems
scrupulous
(adj.) exact, careful, attending thoroughly to details; having high moral standards, principled
skulk
(v.) to move about stealthily; to lie in hiding
supercilious
(adj.) proud and contemptuous; showing scorn because of a feeling of superiority
uncanny
(adj.) strange, mysterious, weird, beyond explanation
venial
(adj.) easily excused, pardonable
altruistic
(adj.) unselfish, concerned with the welfare of others
assent
(v.) to express agreement
(n.) agreement
benefactor
(n.) one who does good to others
chivalrous
(adj.) marked by honor, courtesy, and courage; knightly
clemency
(n.) mercy, humaneness; mildness, moderateness
dearth
(n.) a lack, scarcity, inadequate supply; a famine
diffident
(adj.) shy, lacking self-confidence; modest, reserved
discrepancy
(n.) a difference; a lack of agreement
embark
(v.) to go abroad; to make a start; to invest
facile
(adj.) easily done or attained; superficial; ready, fluent; easily shown but not sincerely felt
indomitable
(adj.) unconquerable, refusing to yield
infallible
(adj.) free form error; absolutely dependable
plod
(v.) to walk heavily or slowly; to work slowly
pungent
(adj.) causing a sharp sensation; stinging, biting
remiss
(adj.) neglectful in performance of one's duty, careless
repose
(v.) to rest; lie; place;
(n.) relaxation, peace of mind, calmness
temerity
(n.) rashness, boldness
truculent
(adj.) fierce and cruel; aggressive; deadly, destructive; scathingly harsh
unfeigned
(adj.) sincere, real, without pretense
virulent
(adj.) extremely poisonous; full of malice; spiteful
accede
(v.) to yield to; to assume an office or dignity
brandish
(v.) to wave or flourish in a menacing or vigorous manner
comprise
(v.) to include or contain; to be made up of
deft
(adj.) skillful, nimble
destitute
(adj.) deprived of the necessities of life; lacking in
explicit
(adj.) definite, clearly stated
extirpate
(v.) to tear up by the roots; to destroy totally
inopportune
(adj.) coming at a bad time; not appropriate
ironic
(adj.) suggesting an incongruity between what might be expected and what actually happens; given to irony, sarcastic
musty
(adj.) stale, moldy; out-of-date
officious
(adj.) meddling; excessively forward in offering services or assuming authority
ominous
(adj.) unfavorable, threatening, of bad omen
pinnacle
(n.) a high peak or point
premeditated
(adj., part.) considered beforehand, deliberately planned
rampant
(adj.) growing without check, running wild
solace
(n.) comfort, relief
(v.) to comfort, console
stately
(adj.) dignified, majestic
supple
(adj.) bending easily; bending with agility; readily adaptable; servile
suppress
(v.) to stop by force, put down
venal
(adj.) open to or marked by bribery or corruption
abhor
(v.) to regard with horror or loathing; to hate deeply
amend
(v.) to change in a formal way; to change for the better
buffet
(v.) to slap or cuff; to strike repeatedly; to drive or force with blows; to force one's way with difficulty
(n.) a slap, blow
chaos
(n.) a great confusion, disorder
commodious
(adj.) roomy, spacious
corrosive
(adj.) eating away gradually, acidlike; bitterly sarcastic
discern
(v.) to see clearly, recognize
extant
(adj.) still existing; not exterminated, destroyed, or lost
implicate
(v.) to involve in; to connect with or be related to
inter
(v.) to bury, commit to the earth; to consign to oblivion
martinet
(n.) a strict disciplinarian; a stickler for the rules
obviate
(v.) to anticipate and prevent; to remove, dispose of
renegade
(n.) one who leaves a group; a deserter, outlaw
(adj.) traitorous; unconventional, unorthodox
reprehensible
(adj.) deserving blame or punishment
somber
(adj.) dark, gloomy; depressed or melancholy in spirit
squalid
(adj.) filthy, wretched, debased
turbulent
(adj.) disorderly, riotous, violent; stormy
vociferous
(adj.) loud and noisy; compelling attention
voluminous
(adj.) of great size; numerous; writing or speaking at great length
waive
(v.) to do without, give up voluntarily; to put off temporarily, defer
animosity
(n.) strong dislike; bitter hostility
apathy
(n.) a lack of feeling, emotion, or interest
apprehensive
(adj.) fearful or anxious, especially about the future
commend
(v.) to praise, express approval; to present as worthy of attention; to commit to the care of
compatible
(adj.) able to get along or work well together; capable of use with some other model or system
condolence
(n.) an expression of sympathy
consecrate
(v.) to make sacred, hallow; to set apart for a special purpose
decrepit
(adj.) old and feeble; worn-out, ruined
deride
(v.) to ridicule, laugh at with contempt
ingenuous
(adj.) innocent, simple; frank, sincere
multifarious
(adj.) having great variety; numerous and diverse
obsolete
(adj.) out-of-date, no longer in use
omnivorous
(adj.) eating every kind of food; eagerly taking in everything, having a wide variety of tastes
parsimonious
(adj.) stingy, miserly; meager, poor, small
quandary
(n.) a state of perplexity
recalcitrant
(adj.) stubbornly disobedient, resisting authority
reprisal
(n.) an injury done in return for injury
revel
(v.) to take great pleasure in
(n.) a wild celebration
stultify
(v.) to make ineffective or useless, cripple; to have a dulling effect on
suave
(adj.) smoothly agreeable or polite; pleasing to the senses
allocate
(v.) to set apart or designate for a special purpose; to distribute
ardent
(adj.) very enthusiastic, impassioned
assiduous
(adj.) persistent, attentive, diligent
brash
(adj.) prone to act in a hasty manner; impudent
capricious
(adj.) subject to whims or passing fancies
chastise
(v.) to inflict physical punishment as a means of correction; to scold severly
copious
(adj.) abundant; plentiful; wordy, verbose
deviate
(v.) to turn aside; to stray from a norm
(n.) one who departs from a norm
(adj.) differing from a norm, heterodox, unconventional
emaciated
(adj., part.) unnaturally thin
exult
(v.) to rejoice greatly
gnarled
(adj.) knotted, twisted, lumpy
indemnity
(n.) a payment for damage or loss
inkling
(n.) a hint; a vague notion
limpid
(adj.) clear, transparent; readily understood
omnipotent
(adj.) almighty, having unlimited power or authority
palatable
(adj.) agreeable to the taste or one's sensibilities; suitable for consumption
poignant
(adj.) deeply affecting, touching; keen or sharp in taste or smell
rancor
(n.) bitter resentment or ill-will
sophomoric
(adj.) immature and overconfident; conceited
spontaneous
(adj.) arising naturally; not planned or engineered in advance