Chapter 12 - Basics of Chemistry
Terms in this set (34)
Inorganic chemistry is the study of substances that do not contain the element carbon, but may contain which element?
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances without a loss of identity is-
Chemically combining two or more atoms in definite proportion forms-
a(n) ___________ is a stable physical mixture of two or more substances in a solvent.
A(n) __________ is a substance dissolved into a solution.
Liquids that are not capable of being mixed into stable solutions are considered-
Unstable physical mixtures of undissolved particles in a liquid are-
An unstable physical mixture of two or more immiscible substances plus a special ingredient is-
a substance that allows oil and water to mix or emulsify is-
the tail of a surfactant molecule is oil-loving or-
An atom or molecule that carries an electrical charge
Alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) are derived from ____ and used in the salon to exfoliate the skin and to help adjust the pH of certain products.
chemical reactions that release a significant amount of heat under certain circumstances are-
a substance that has a pH below 7.0 is considered to be-
Alkanolamines are often used in place of ammonia because they-
produce less odor
which of these is not composed of organic chemicals?
Elemental molecules contain two or more _____ of the same element in definite proportions.
vapor is ____ that has evaporated into a gas-like state.
an oxidizing agent is a substance that releases
a pure substance is a chemical combination of matter in ____ proportions.
the glitter in nail polish that can separate from the polish is an example of-
water-in-oil emulsions feel ___________ than oil-in-water emulsions.
the ingredient used to raise the pH in hair products to allow the solution to penetrate the hair shaft-
volatile organic compounds contain _____ and evaporate very easily.
the chemical reaction that combines a substance with oxygen to produce an oxide is ___________.
the term logarithm means multiples of -
a chemical reaction in which oxidation and reduction take place at the same time is -
Any substance that occupies space and has mass is-
characteristics that can only be determined by a chemical reaction and a chemical change in the substance are-
a chemical combination of matter in definite proportions is a(n)-
a physical combination of matter in any proportion is a-
the ________ is the smallest chemical component of an element.
rapid oxidation of a substance accompanied by the production of heat and light is ______.
Charcteristics that can be determined without a chemical reaction and that do not involve a chemical change in the substance are ________.