48 terms

Short Story Terminology

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Short Story
Short fictional tale
Plot
The events of the story (series of actions)
Introduction
The reader meets the characters and discovers the setting
Rising action
This builds up the story and leads to the climax
Climax
The most exciting part of a story. The reader finds out what happens to the conflict or how the conflict was resolved
Falling action
The plot begins to wrap up
Conclusion/ Denouement
The untangling of the plot. Four types of this.
Expository happy
(Part of conclusion) all loose ends are tied up and explained and the ending is happy
Expository sad
(Part of the conclusion) all loose ends are tied up and explained but the ending is sad
Surprise or Twist
(Part of the conclusion) something happens that the reader doesn't expect at all
Cliffhanger
(Part of the conclusion) only some loose ends are tied up, and the reader must supply in the ending themselves
Protagonist
The main character in the story (could be good or bad)
Antagonist
The force against the protagonist (could be good or bad)
Flat
A minor character with limited sides to their personality. These characters might not seem very realistic
Round
A character that is believable and complex with several sides to their personality
Dynamic
A character that changes in an important way because of the plot's events
Static
A character that doesn't change their personality throughout th story (opposite of dynamic)
Stock
A stereotypical character
Character Analysis
6 ways to analyze a character
1. Physical Appearance
2. Things a character says
3. Things a character does (actions)
4. Things a character thinks
5. Things other characters mention about others
6. Author Information
Character Sketch
Description of a character's moral and personality qualities
Emotional Setting
The mood or atmosphere
Physical Setting
The time, place and season
General Setting
The season, town, place etc.
Immediate
The actual surroundings
Theme
The message of the story
Moral
This deals with right and wrong
Conflict
4 Types:
1. Person vs. Self
2.Person vs. Person
3. Person vs. Environment/ Society
4. Person vs. Supernatural
Point of View
The author chooses how to tell the story
First Person
"I" is the central character, and tells his or her own story
Second Person
The story is told about "you"
Third Person Omniscient
Characters are referred to as "he" and "she" and the reader know all of what is going on in their heads
Third Person Omniscient Limited
Characters are referred to as "he" and "she" and the reader knows what is going on in some of their heads
Third Person Objective
Characters are referred to as "he" and "she" and the author records action objectively, as a movie camera would
Deus ex Machina
An improbable plot event
In Medias Res
beginning the story in the middle of the action
Flashback
When a character thinks back to an event that happened before the story started
Foreshadowing
A clue of what's to happen
Suspense
Anxiety or apprehension for an uncertain, undecided or mysterious situation. Excited anticipation or an approaching climax
Novel
An extended piece of prose fiction formed into a narrative
Novella
A piece of prose fiction that is in between the length of a short story and novel
Internal Conflict
When the problem is found inside a character
External Conflict
When the problem is found outside of a character
Verbal Irony
Occurs when the opposite of what is said is actually meant (sarcasm is an extreme form)
Situational Irony
Occurs when the the opposite of what was expected happened
Dramatic Irony
When the character says something but the reader/audience has inside information, so the statement comes across with a double meaning
Satire
A style of writing that has the goal of mocking or scorning either an individual , and institution or society as whole
Parody
Imitates the characteristic style
Symbol
Objects, characters, events and settings can all be symbolic
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