AP gov spring final review
Terms in this set (18)
A person who chooses to receive the benefits of a "public good" or a "positive externality" without contributing to paying the costs of producing those benefits.
a constitutional doctrine that ensures states cannot enact laws that take away the constitutional rights of American citizens that are enshrined in the Bill of Rights
primary elections in which eligible voters do not need to be registered party members and decide the day of election to participate
Political Action Committee (PAC)
A committee set up by a corporation, labor union, or interest group that raises and spends campaign money from voluntary donations
Activities of members of Congress that help constituents as individuals; cutting through bureaucratic red tape to get people what they think they have a right to get
Congressional review of the activities of an agency, department, or office to avoid corruption
The process by which we develop our political attitudes, values, and beliefs. Many different factors
A state in which many groups or factions are so strong that a government is unable to function or weakening
Marble Cake Federalism
Conceives of federalism as a marble cake in which all levels of government are involved in a variety of issues and programs, always effecting the other
Layer Cake Federalism
a way of describing the system of dual federalism in which there is a division of responsibilities between the state and the national governments
A system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
Article 2 section 1
outlines who is eligible to serve as president, establishes electoral college, and authorizes Congress to determine who will replace the president and vice president should they be unable to serve during their term of office. Also, establishes presidential and vice presidential terms
Article 2 Section 2
gives the President some important powers. He is commander-in-chief of the armed forces and of the militia and national guard of all the states; he has a Cabinet (the heads of 15 executive departments) to aid him, and can pardon criminals. He makes treaties with other nations, and picks many of the judges and other members of the government (all with the approval of the Senate).
Article 2 section 3
Required to tell congress the state of the country in his/her State of the Union, presidential duties and how important congress' involvement in it, The President will welcome Ambassadors or government representatives from other countries; the President is in charge of making sure that the laws are carried out fairly; and the President empowers all the officers of the United States.
Article 1 section 7
Procedure in passing bills and resolutions
Article 1 section 8
lists specific powers of Congress, including the power to establish and maintain an army and navy, to establish post offices, to create courts, to regulate commerce between the states, to declare war, and to raise money. It also includes a clause known as the Elastic Clause which allows it to pass any law necessary for the carrying out of the previously listed powers.
Article 1 section 9
powers denied to the federal government and congress
Article 1 section 10
Restrictions on powers of states
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