How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

23 terms

Biology/muscle

STUDY
PLAY
Chemical
The kind of energy that muscles use to contract.
Fascia
An individual skeletal muscle is separated from adjacent muscles.
Tendons
Layers of connective tissue extending into the muscle to form partitions between muscle bundles are continuous with attachments of muscle to periosteum.
Actin / Myosin
The char. striated appearance of skeletal muscle is due to the arrangement of alternating protein filiments.
Sarcormeres
Functional units of muscle contraction.
Active filaments
What I bands are composed of.
Neuromuscular junction
The union between a nerve fiber and a muscle fiber.
Motor unit
A motor neuron and the muscle fibers it controls.
Shortening of muscle fiber
The result of the cross-bridge of the myosin molecule forming a linkage with the actin filaments.
Acetylcholine
The neurotransmitter that is necessary for the transmission of an impulse from a nerve to a skeletal muscle fiber.
ATP
The energy used in muscle contraction is supplied by the decomposition of. . .
Creatine phosphate
A substance that stores of the substance in #12 are in low supply.
Calcium
The ion necessary to link myosine and actin.
Lactic acid
Prolonged muscle use, muscle fatigue.
Muscle tissue
The tissue that produces a major source of heat.
Threshold stimulus
The minimal strength stimulus needed to elicit contraction of a single muscle fiber.
Latent period
The period of time between a stimulus to a muscle and muscle response.
Muscle tone
A state of sustained, partial contraction of muscles that is necessary to maintain posture.
Atrophy
Refers to a decrease in the size and strength of a muscle.
Orgin
The attachment of a muscle to a relatively fixed part.
Insertion
The attachment to a relatively movable part.
Endomysium
The connective tissue that covers each muscle fiber within a fasicle.
Sarcoplasmic reticulum
The network of membranous channels in the cytoplasm of muscle fibers.