The Civil Right Movement
Terms in this set (21)
was an American activist in the civil rights movement best known for her pivotal role in the Montgomery bus boycott. The United States Congress has called her "the first lady of civil rights" and "the mother of the freedom movement".
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, founded in 1909 to abolish segregation and discrimination, to oppose racism and to gain civil rights for African Americans, got Supreme Court to declare grandfather clause unconstitutional
Plessy v. Ferguson
a 1896 Supreme Court decision which legalized state ordered segregation so long as the facilities for blacks and whites were equal
Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)
an interracial group founded in 1942 by James Farmer to work against segregation in Northern cities
Brown v. Board of Education
1954 case that overturned Separate but Equal standard of discrimination in education.
Montgomery Bus Boycott
protest in 1955-1956 by African Americans against racial segregation in bus system of Montgomery, Alabama.
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
1957 group founded by Martin Luther King Jr. to fight against segregation using nonviolent means
Little Rock Nine
A group of students who were enrolled in a white high school on the basis of being black
Civil Rights Act of 1957
Primarily a voting rights bill, was the first civil rights legislation enacted by Republicans in the United States since Reconstruction.
Klu Klux Klan
organization that promotes hatred and discrimination against specific ethnic and religious groups
Birmingham's Sixteen Street Baptist Church Bombing
The 16th Street Baptist Church bombing was an act of white supremacist terrorism which occurred at the African American 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama, on Sunday, September 15, 1963
the March on Washington
held in 1963 to show support for the Civil Rights Bill in Congress. Martin Luther King gave his famous "I have a dream..." speech. 250,000 people attended the rally
the Civil Rights Act of 1964
banned discrimination in public accommodations, prohibited discrimination in any federally assisted program, outlawed discrimination in most employment; enlarged federal powers to protect voting rights and to speed school desegregation; this and the voting rights act helped to give African-Americans equality on paper, and more federally-protected power so that social equality was a more realistic goal
the Selma March
Protest to register African American voters in the South, violence against protesters
Voting Rights Act of 1965
a policy designed to reduce the barriers to voting for those suffering discrimination.
the Watts Riot
a white officer beat a black motorist in LA which caused 6 days of violence and thirty four people to die. Home were burned and the national guard had to be brought in.
A slogan used to reflect solidarity and racial consciousness, used by Malcolm X. It meant that equality could not be given, but had to be seized by a powerful, organized Black community.
1952; renamed himself X to signify the loss of his African heritage; converted to Nation of Islam in jail in the 50's, became Black Muslims' most dynamic street orator and recruiter; his beliefs were the basis of a lot of the Black Power movement built on segregationist and nationalist impulses to achieve true independence and equality
Civil Rights Act 1968
a law that banned discrimination in housing
big oh no
Give me an A
even though im a oof bad student