USH: The Cold War and Easing of tensions
Terms in this set (35)
What were the two key issues that were causing high levels of tension by the late 1960s?
Human rights and the Vietnam war.
What did the Soviets believe the Americans were attempting because of their growing involvement in Vietnam?
The Soviets thought the Americans were trying to force their ideology on a region that was embracing communism.
How many US soldiers had lost their lives as a result of the Vietnam war by the end of the 1960s?
58,000 US soldiers.
When and why did the war end?
The war ended in 1973 when the USA withdrew its troops.
After the war ended who controlled the whole of Vietnam?
By 1975, the communists controlled the whole of Vietnam.
Who was the leader after Khrushchev who, like Stalin, restricted individual rights?
Where did the two events, which exemplified the Soviet government's lack of respect for human rights, take place?
Hungary in 1956 and Czechoslovakia in 1968.
Who led the USA when the 1970s began?
What occurred between the powerful communist states in the late 1960s, which was a great opportunity for the US?
The relationship between the USSR and China began to deteriorate and eventually broke down completely.
What did Nixon do in February 1972?
He visited China and became the first US president to do so.
Which other communist country successfully tested a bomb in 1964?
Briefly, what was meant by the term détente?
Détente was a term used to describe the improving relationship between the USSR and USA from the end of the 1960s to the second half of 1970s.
Why and when did President Nixon's career end?
He was forced to resign in 1974 after details of corruption and involvement in illegal activities came to light.
What were the three main reasons for détente?
The nuclear issue, the lessons of conflict and the economic issue.
What was the talk in 1969 called?
The Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT).
What did this talk attempt to deal with?
The issue of nuclear weapons.
What was one of the treaties signed?
A ban on the building of new ballistic missile launchers.
Where and when where were the agreements signed?
Moscow summit of May 1972.
What did Nixon do that changed the balance of power?
He had a successful visit to China and the ping-pong diplomacy, the relationship between the USA and China was stronger.
What two political figures agreed to work together to make SALT 1 work?
Nixon and Brezhnev.
When was Nixon re-elected?
What did Nixon build his career on?
He was a strongly anti-communist senator and then as Eisenhower's vice president.
What did Brezhnev build his career on?
He had been a member of the Politburo during the time of Stalin and had been a powerful figure in Khrushchev's government.
What made their relationship successful?
It was their experience that allowed them to achieve new things that younger leaders couldn't. Secondly they had power and influence for decades which made them more in common than thought.
What were the relations between the USA and USSR like before détente?
What did détente represent?
A period of increasingly better relations between the superpowers.
What did SALT 1 and other negotiations seem to bring?
An end to the nuclear arms race.
What were the relations of the USA and other areas?
The Americans and the Soviets were far from allies and. The end of US involvement in Vietnam continued to cause tension in other parts of the world.
What were the two agreements called after 1972?
The Helsinki accords in august 1975 and SALT 2 in 1979.
What was symbolic about the joint space mission in July 1975?
Of a new cooperative relationship between the USA and USSR.
When did the relations start to deteriorate?
The end of the 1970's.
Where were moments of conflict around the globe?
In Africa and the Middle East, this led to stalling of talks and a return to more aggressive language from both governments.
What marked the final decade of the Cold War?
A number of attempts return to détente.
What marked the final decade of the Cold War?
The Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979 and the American involvement in Nicaragua and Guatemala in the 1980's.
When did the Cold War end?
1991 with the break up of the Soviet Union.
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