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7th grade English Final Exam Review Concepts
Terms in this set (23)
commas after introductory words, phrases, and clauses
when a sentence begins with an introductory word, phrase, or other structures, that word or phrase is usually separated from the rest of the sentence by a comma.
EX: Hey, give me your binoculars quickly before the bear moves.
commas with parenthetical expressions
A parentheical expression is a word or phrase that is not essential to the meaning of the sentence. These words or phrases generally add extra information to the basic sentence.
Ex: Listen carefully, Ava, while I tell you how to do it. Please sit down, Brian.
commas with nonessential expressions
To determine when a phrase or clause is essential or nonessential to the meaning of the sentence. Nonessential expressions can be left out without changing the meaning of the sentence.
EX: West Side Story, an award-winning movie take place in New York City.
nominative case pronouns
Pronouns that follow linking verbs should be in the nominative case.
EX: Chris and I played chess
objective case pronouns
Use the objective case for (1) a direct object, (2) an indirect object, and (3) the object of the preposition.
EX: The bees swarmed around Patty and me.
possessive case pronouns
Use the possessive case of personal pronouns before nouns to show possession. In addition, certain personal pronouns may also be used by themselves to indicate possession.
EX: This table is ours, not thiers.
cases of who and whom
Use who for the subject of a verb. Use whom (1) the direct object of a verb and (2) the object of a preposition.
EX: The substitute teacher was ot whom I expected.
prepositional phrases between subject and verb
A preposition phrase that comes between a subject and its verb does not affect subject- verb agreement.
making verbs agree with collective nouns
Use a singular verb with a collective noun acting as a single unit. Use plural verb when the individual members of the group are acting individually.
The committee have split the responsibilities.
compound subjects joined by Or or Nor
When two singular subjects are joined by 'or' or 'nor', use a singular verb. When two plural subjects are joined by 'or' or 'nor', use a plural verb.
Ex: Neither chilrden nor adults like to be told what to do.
agreement in inverted sentences
In most sentences the subject comes before the verb. Sometimes however this order is turned around or inverted, In other sentences the helping verb comes before the subject evn though the main verb folloes the subject.
EX: do the historical sites in philadephia sound exiting to you
verb agreement with indefinite pronouns
When a indefinite pronoun is the subject of a sentence, the verb must agree in number ith the pronoun.
EX: Each of the soccer tem uniforms is red and gold.
A prepositional phrase that acts as an adverb modifies the same parts of speech as one word adverb does.
EX: The sound of the rain scared us.
Appositives and appositive phrases
An appositive is a noun or pronoun placed after another noun or pronoun to identify, rename, or explain preceding word
EX: The tour guide Mr.Torres led an exciting tour of the london tower.
words that appear to be verbs, but are acting as some other part of speech
EX: talking, doing, eating, wanting
Verbal that ends with -ing or -ed and serves as an adjective
EX: talking, doing, eating, wanting
verb forms ending in -ing and used as nouns.
EX: SKIING is a wonderful sport
An infinitive is a verb form that can be used as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. The word to usually appears before the verb.
EX: It is important to speak
who or what the sentence is about
EX: The flight to mexico was long
Subject of a Command or Request
the subject of a command or request is understood to be the pronoun you
EX: when will the meeting start.
Subjects in Questions
In questions, the subject often follows the verb
How are the muffins today?
Finding Subjects in sentences beginning with Here or There
there or here is never the subject of a sentence
EX: There are two professors from harvard teaching toady.
Finding subjects inverted for emphasis
In some sentences, the subject follows the verb in order to emphasize the subject, or make it stand out.
EX: In the midst of the crowd outside the restaurant stood my parents.
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