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132 terms

Chemistry Scientists

The scientists that We memorize for Mr. Smiths Chemistry Class
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Abbe
Improved the compound Microscope
Alhazen
Greatest Scientist of the middle ages
Alfven
Started Magnetohydrodynamics and plasma physics
Alter
Each element has a characteristic wavelenght of light
Boltzmann
Started Statistical Mechanics
Braun
Invented the oscilloscope
Cockroft
Invented the first particle accelerator
Dirac
Started Quantum Electrodynamics
Einstein
Greatest scientist of the 20th century
Foucault
Invented the Gyroscope, First accurate velocity of light
Gamon
First Evidence of the Big Bang Theory
Galileo
Started Deductive Logic, Improved the telescope, Invented the thermometer, Laws on the motion of falling objects, Structural Engineering
Gabor
Invented Holography
Helmholtz
Law of Conservation of energy
Ampere
Measure of electric current named for him, Started science of electromagnetics
Anderson
Discovered the first antimatter particle, Started particle physics
Becquerrel
Discovered Radioactivity
Bohr
Explained Nuclear Fission, Detailed Structure of the atom
Carnot
Defined the terms work temperature heat and energy
Chadwick
Discovered the nuetron
Chladni
Started Accoustics
DeBroglie
Electrons can behave as a wave or particle
Fahrenheit
First Accurate thermometer, Unit of temperature named for him
Franklin
Defined the terms negative and positive, discovered lightning was electrical in nature
Bullard
Started the science of marine geophysics
Plank
Energy behaves as an indivisible unit
Archimedes
Developed statics, Pi, greatest mathematician and physicist of the ancient world
Pyman
Chemotherapy
Bacon
Use of experimentation to prove arguments
Born
Quantum Mechanics, Mathematical explanation of the behavior of the electron
Democritus
First atomic Theory
Cavendish
Determined the gravitational constant, measurements of mass and density of the earth
Charles
Theories on gasses
Clausius
Thermodynamics
Dewar
Started Cryogenics
Hahn
Process of nuclear fusion
Kirhoff
Spectroscopy
Rontgen
Discovered X-rays
Rutherford
Nuclear Physics
Stevinus
Started Hydrodynamics, Gave us decimal notation
Coulomb
Laws governing charge and magnetism
Thomson
Discoverd the electron
Bartlett
First compound of the rare gasses
Black
Discovered Carbon Dioxide
Hess
Started thermochemistry
Kipping
invented silicone
Muller
invented DDT
Scheele
Greatest chemist of the 18th century
Seaborg
Discovered the synthetic elements
Soddy
Radiochemistry
Stahl
First combustion theory
Wald
Biochemical Process of vision
Wohler
First Laboratory synthesis of an organic compound
Zsigmondy
Invented the ultra microscope
Curie
First woman chemist
Gibbs
Started chemical Themodynamics
Goldschmidt
Started Geochemistry
Graham
Started Colliod Chemistry, Invented Dialysis,Gave us theories on diffusion of gasses
Klaproth
Started Analytical chemistry and quantitative analytical chemistry
Nobel
Invented dynamite, left money for prizes to be awarded in the sciences
Proust
The law of constant composition
Kekule
Started organic chemistry, Started structural organic chemitry
Prout
Started physiological Chemistry, Measured the density of aiir
Geiger
Invented a device that detects radioactivity
Heisenberg
Gave us the uncertianty principle
Hertz
Discovered radio waves, unit of frequency named after him
Kelvin
Gave us the absolute temperature scale
Milikan
Charge on the electron
Moseley
Concept of atomic number
Volta
Invented the battery
Fermi
First Scientist for a nuclear chain reaction, lead person in developing the atomic bomb
Maxwell
Light consists of electromagnetic waves, gave us the kinetic theory of gases
Andrews
Composition of ozone
Aston
The existence of the isotope
Bronsted
Theories on acids and bases
Chardonnet
Invented rayon
Fajins
Theories on bonding
Hyatt
First man made plastic
Joliot
Artificial radioactivity
Libby
Invented carbon dating
Ramsey
DIscovered the rare gases
Miller
Amino acids are the buildign blocks of life
Richards
Measurements of atomic mass
Staudinger
Polymer chemistry
Maiman
Invented the laser
Newton
Laws of motion,Explained gravity, Developed optics, Developed calculus
Perrin
Proved the existence of atoms
plucker
Started analytical Geometry
Prandtl
Started Aerodynamics
Prevost
Said that all objects radiate heat
Shaw
Started meteorology
Torricelli
Invented the barometer
Van Vleck
Magnetic theory
Lynen
Discovered cholesterol
Faraday
Started electrochemistry, Gave us the terms anond and cathode
Bunsen
Analyzed thousands of compounds using the spectroscope, credited with the bunsen burner
Coulsen
Molecular Orbital Theory
Fourier
Invented Dimensional Analysis, We need to use a consistent set of units when performign mathematical operations
Cuvier
Started comparative anatomy
Linnaeus
Started taxonomy
Gauss
Gave us number theory, Gave us fundamental theories in algebra
Pasteur
Started sterochemistry
Gilbert
Scientific method
Pascal
First Calculator, Pressure varies with height
Kolbe
Started modern organic chemistry
Kornberg
First synthetic molecule of DNA
LeChatelier
Systems adjust to stress
Urey
Discovered Isotopes of hydrogen
Vander Waal
Theories on inter atomic forces
Kennelly
Proved the exostence of the ionosphere
Langevin
Defined para and dia magnetic
Lawrence
Invented the cyclotron
Cannizzaro
Distinguished between molecular and atomic mass
Avogadeo
Started physical Chemistry, Discovered Diatomic molecules
Davy
Process of desalinization
Berzalius
Symbols for the chemical Elements
Dalton
Gave us modern atomic theory, Gave us law of partial pressure
Lewis
Electrons are shared when compounds are shared
Carothers
Discovered Nylon and neoprene
Pauling
Gave us detailed structure of proteins, Theories on chemical bonding and molecular structure, Won two nobel prises, Treatment of the common cold with large doses of vitamin see
Calvin
Chemical Process of photo Synthesis
Flory
Discovered Macro-molecules
Parcellus
First iatrochemist
Van Helmont
Water was the main basic substance
Priestly
Discovered oxygen
Lussac
theory on quantitative study
Berthollet
Defined Exothermis and endothermic
Mendeleev
Organized the periodic table, let room for yet undiscovered elements
Newlands
Gave us the law of octaves
Dobereiner
Gave us triad theory
Lanvoiser
Started modern chemistry, Discredited old combustion theory, Started a revolution in chemical thought, Logical system for naming chemicals, One of the first to use solar energy, Gave us the law of conservation of matter, first scientist to work with organic analysis
Boyle
Started scientific chemistry, chemistry is experimental science, distinguised between elements compounds and mixtures, stated combustion would stop when air was removed, developed the match, law of inverse relationship between pressure and volume started qualitative analysis, Invented litmus paper