Strands 9.4, 10.4, 11.4 - Literary Movements
Terms in this set (8)
Colonialism/Puritanism (17th century)
1)Wrote mostly diaries and histories, which expressed the connections between God an their everyday lives.
2) Sought to "purify" the Church of England by reforming to the simpler forms of worship and church organization described in the New Testament
3) Saw religion as a personal, inner experience.
4) Believed in original sin and "elect" who would be saved.
5) Used a plain style of writing
evolutionary movement/Rationalism (18th century)
1) Mostly comprised of philosophers, scientists, writing speeches and pamphlets.
2) Human beings can arrive at truth (God's rules) by using deductive reasoning, rather than relying on the authority of the past, on religious faith, or intuition.
Romanticism (19th century)
1) Valued feeling, intuition, idealism, and inductive reasoning.
2) Placed faith in inner experience and the power of the imagination.
3) Shunned the artificiality of civilization and seek unspoiled nature as a path to spirituality.
4) Championed individual freedom and the worth of the individual.
5) Saw poetry as the highest expression of the imagination
Transcendentalism (19th century)
1) Everything in the world, Including human beings, is a reflection of the Divine Soul 2
2) People can use their intuition to behold God's spirit revealed in nature or in their own souls.
3) Self-reliance and individualism must outweigh external authority and blind conformity to tradition
Regionalism / Realism / Naturalism (19th century)
1) Feelings of disillusionment
2) Common subjects; slums of rapidly growing cities, factories replacing farmlands, poor factory workers, corrupt politicians
3) Represented the manner and environment of everyday life and ordinary people as realistically as possible
4) Sought to explain behavior (psychologically/socially).
1) Sense of disillusionment and loss of faith in the "American Dream": the independence, self-reliant, individual will triumph.
2) Emphasis on bold experimentation in style and form over the traditional.
3) Interest in the inner workings of the human mind (ex. Stream of consciousness).
Harlem Renaissance (20thcentury)
Some poetry rhythms based on spirituals, and jazz, lyrics on the blues, and diction from the street talk of the ghettos Other poetry used conventional lyrical forms
Contemporary poetry (21st Century)
1) Influenced by studies of media, language, and information technology
2) Sense that little is unique; culture endlessly duplicates and copies itself
3) New literary forms and techniques: works composed of only dialogue or combining fiction and nonfiction, experimenting with physical appearance of their work
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