8th History Final Review
Terms in this set (89)
What did George Washington issue on April 22, 1793?
Proclamation of Neutrality
What is one of Washington's greatest precedents that he set when he left office?
Serving only 2 terms in office
How many people did John Adams appoint in cabinet when he became president?
The Naturalization Act extended the time required to gain American citizenship from _____ to _____ years
58 judges appointed to full time positions just before John Adams left office
Who was the first president to be inaugurated in
When Congress repealed the Naturalization Act, it restored the required years of residence to
Why did Jefferson choose to rely on state militias?
What were small Muslim countries in North Africa, that charged tribute to ships that sailed on the Mediterranean Sea?
What was the greatest result of the Tripolitan War?
Increased respect foreign countries had for the US
How much did the United States pay for the Louisiana Purchase?
a stop on all exports from the U.S.
In the first year of the War of 1812, where did the US succeed?
When was the treaty of Ghent signed?
What two conditions did James Monroe have before he would accept the nomination for the presidency?
He would not be tied to a single political party, and he would not wage an active campaign
When James Monroe became president, what did he NOT do that his predecessors had always done?
give an inaugural address
What did James Monroe say after his oath?
"I will do my best"
Treaty that defined the Spanish boundary as west of the Mississippi
Most of the new republics around the world modeled their constitutions after
What did President Monroe fear?
The Monroe Doctrine became a basic element of what?
By 1819, how many states were in the Union?
In 1819, how many states were free? how many were slave?
11 free, 11 slave
What state applied for statehood that allowed Missouri to join?
What was the Missouri Compromise?
Plan that would forbid slavery north of 36 degrees 30' north latitude
What were the most important issues of the 1824 campaign?
Tariffs and internal improvements
List three examples of internal improvements
Bridges, building roads, canals
Since nobody won the majority of the electoral votes in 1824, how was the winner determined?
The House of Representatives voted
What two parties were active in the elections of 1828?
Democratic party and National Republican party
How were the campaigns for the election of 1828 different than previous years?
Broadsides, banners, editorials, and testimonies; held barbeques, banquets, and torchlight parades; mass campaigning
Gave military the power to move Indians by force
Indian removal act
Increase in money supply causing a corresponding rise in prices
Jackson's close friends he consulted with informally
handing out government jobs to loyal followers
A tax on goods coming into the country
Removal of Cherokee to Indian Territory
Trail of Tears
Tariff designed to raise money
Tax that protected American business and manufacturing from foreign competition, but raised prices on foreign goods
Settlers without titles to the land
the former president during the time between the new election and his leaving office
What does Jackson's rise from a log cabin to his stately home represent to the Americans of his day?
great leaders can come from anywhere
Who did Jackson champion for?
the common man
Which group of Indians refused to give up their lands?
What did the Supreme Court rule in Worcester v. Georgia?
That the state had no authority to Cherokee lands
How many Cherokee Indians died en route to Indian Territory?
What two things did Congress do in 1824 that affected tariffs?
They increased the tariff and put more products on the tariff list
What did Southerners believe that the tariff of abominations did?
raised price on almost everything they bought or manufactured
Who was the first president to die while in office?
Shallow, manmade water highway that connects 2 bodies of water
Collected many workers in one place, where they turned out many similar items in one day.
Assembling products, guns in particular, by producing large numbers of each part
Transformed the lives of cold church members; thousands came to Christ
Second Great Awakening
Someone who wanted to abolish slavery
The Great Wagon Road ran north and south along the eastern slope of what mountains?
What is America's great canal called?
In 1800, who owned and worked their own lands with their families help?
Who specialized in making one type of item and trading primarily with neighbors from their own towns?
Who did the Industrial Revolution profoundly affect in American?
American factory worker, farmer
Where did the largest group of immigrants come from?
Ireland and Germany
Americans believing that God intended for them to have all the western lands is known as what?
List two reasons Americans wanted to go west
Good farmland and mineral riches
Some Americans went west to find wealth. What two minerals were found and where were they found?
Gold in California; Silver in Colorado and Nevada
Who were the first men in a new western area?
trappers and traders
What three prominent Spanish settlements were in Texas by 1800?
San Antonio, Goliad, Nacogdoches
What three things did families that moved to Texas receive?
640 acres at a low cost, 6 years of no tax, and protection from suits
When Texans met at the first convention, what did they accomplish?
Elected Sam Houston first president, issued declaration of independence, wrote a constitution
Why is the Oregon Trail important?
It is the most important route for settlers and missionaries going west
What did President Polk declare on May 13, 1846?
War with Mexico
What two things did the US agree to at the Mexican Cession?
They would pay around $20 million for the land and cancel all debts Mexico owed to the US
Nickname for 80,000 men who came to California searching for gold
Narrow strip of land that completed US territory of lower 48 states
Congress allowed people to decide if they wanted slavery or not
before the war
Distributed work among the slaves and ensured that they did as expected
Slaves worked in large groups for a set amount of time each day
Preferred by slaves; Overseer gave slaves specific tasks
What did the North and South both agree that they each wanted for their way of life?
What was a network of people who gave runaway slaves, that could reach the border states, a chance of escaping and gaining freedom in the North called?
Wo was a leading black abolitionist that was a talented speaker, lecturer against slavery, and wrote The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass?
After escaping slavery in 1849, who returned to slave territory nearly 20 times to help other slaves escape?
The Republican party was formed by
What did the states that seceded call themselves?
Confederate States of America
God's control over all events
How long did the Civil War last?
War that involved both military and civilians
Why was photography important to the Civil War?
It was the first time people saw the reality of war
The Emancipation Proclamation was issues to help revive what for the Northern people?
Wear down and completely destroy if necessary
War of Attrition
Where was President Lincoln assassinated?
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