Civil War Test
Test the 16th; there may be errors so check with me or Mr. Somers!
Terms in this set (51)
When did the Civil War begin and end?
April 12, 1861-April 9, 1865
What is the Missouri Compromise?
the territory of missouri applied for statehood as a slave state, but that would upset the balance of power in the senate, so the missouri compromise stated that missouri would be added as a slave state, and maine would be added as a free state. slavery would be prohibited above the 36, 30 parallel line. it worked for 30 years
What is the Compromise of 1850?
they debated over wether the lands gained from the mexican war would be slave or free, so henry clay proposed four things: that california would be added as a free state, the lands out west would be called the utah and new mexico territories in which slavery would be decided by the people, slave trade would be outlawed in d.c., and a new fugitive slave act was passed.
Who is Soujourner Truth?
she helped 100's of slaves escape, said people best show their love for God by their love and concern for people
Who is William Lloyd?
he published an anti-slavery newspaper called the liberator
Who is Fredrick Douglass?
he was an escaped slave who later bought his freedom, he lectured and wrote his autobiography to explain the slavery condition, he was the first african american in the white house
Who is Harriet Beecher Stowe?
she published uncle tom's cabin, sold 300,000 copies in 1852
What is Bleeding Kansas?
a desire for a transcontinental railroad, would pass through kansas and nebraska territory, according to the missouri compromise this land would be free, but after the kansas nebraska act of 1854 southerners started to cross from missouri and legally vote for slavery, anti-slavery citizen were angered so they started their own government leaving kansas with two governments!
What is the Kansas-Nebraka Act of 1854?
it was proposed by stephen douglas, it would split the territory in two, slavery would be decided by the people
What were the two violent acts in Bleeding Kansas?
abolitionist john brown raided a proslavery camp at pottawattomie creek and killed five men with hatchets
in the u.s. senate antislavery senator charles sumner was beaten with a cane by proslavery senator preston brooks
What was the Emancipation Proclamation?
Lincoln's declaration on January 1, 1863 that freed all slaves in the Confederacy.
It only freed slaves in states in the south not states that didn't succeed! Technically it wasn't legal.
What were the key elements in the south's surrender?
Medical reasons such as clean or sterile medical tools were not used, many who survived surgery later died of infection, 75% of soldiers hit in the head, chest, or stomach died. 1/3 of confederate soldiers died.
Who was William Tecumseh Sherman?
Union general that implemented total war. Led a march (known as Sherman's March) across the South, destroying everything in his path. He was thought to be the "devil incarnate."
What was Sherman's March to the Sea?
When William Sherman captured Atlanta and wanted to march his army through Georgia and take Savanah. His army stretched 50-60 miles wide. They destroyed everything in their path which was 300 miles long.
Where and when did Lee surrender to Grant?
Appomattox Court House, Virginia on April 9th, 1865 (almost four years to the day)
Why did Lee surrender?
Lee's army only had a few thousand men left. They were starving and needed clothing and ammunition.
What was lincoln's plan after the war?
To treat them like they had never been away. Pardon all southerners who would take an oath of loyalty and if 10% of registered voters in a state took the oath, they could set up a new state government. Also southern states had to approve the 13th amendment.
What is the 13th amendment?
Abolition of slavery
What is the 14th amendment?
ensured citizenship for African Americans
What is the 15th amendment?
Gave African American men the right to vote
When was Lincoln assassinated?
April 14, 1865
Who shot Lincoln?
John Wilkes Booth
Who was the vice president at the time of lincoln's assassination?
Why was Andrew Johnson impeached?
He tried to fire his secretary of war and congress said that was illegal and impeached him. He was found not guilty by ONE vote!
How many places was the civil war fought in?
Over 10,000 places
What was the first MAJOR battle of the Civil War?
Battle of Bull Run
Where and what was the battle of bull run?
It was fought just 25 miles away from DC. People rode out to watch it for entertainment. The south won the battle
What was Thomas Jackson's nickname and where did he get it?
Stonewall Jackson at the battle of bull run
What happened at the battle of Antietam?
Union army was led by General George McClellan. South was led by Robert E Lee.
Bloodiest Single day battle if the war. There were 23,000 casualties
What happened at the Battle of Iron Clads?
Both North and South used iron plated ships in battle. Most famous battle took place between the monitor (north) and merimac (south). Battle was a tie. Each side claimed-victory.
What happened at Chancellorsville?
Turned out to be a confederate victory. Stonewall Jackson was shot through the arm which had to be amputated. He died a few days later.
What happened at Vicksburg?
Union General Grant took control of the Mississippi River and bombed it for six weeks. People had to live in caves to survive. They eventually surrendered the city.
What happened at the Battle of Gettysburg?
It lasted 3 days (July first through third) and proved to be the turning point of the war. Concluded with Pickett's charge. About 50,000 dead and wounded
What is the Dred Scott case?
Dred Scott was the owner of a slave that took him to a free territory up north. His owner died, so Scott sued for his freedom. A Missouri court agreed with him, but the Missouri supreme court did not. The supreme court also said that blacks cannot sue because they are not citizens but property. In theory this decision overturned the Missouri compromise and said that slavery could exist everywhere.
Who were the candidates of the Election of 1860?
Lincoln (Republican), Douglas (North Democrat), Bell (South Democrat), Breckenridge (Const. Union)
Lincoln won with how much of the popular vote?
39% but he got most of the electoral votes
What was the first state to secede from the Union?
How many confederate states were there?
Who was the Confederate president?
What was the first battle of the civil war?
When and where did the war start?
April 12, 1861 at Fort Sumter in South Carolina by Confederate troops
How many casualties at Fort Sumter?
What were the North's advantages?
Bigger population, more railroads, more factories and skilled workers, and out numbered the south 10:1
What were the South's advantages?
Fighting on their own land, top military leaders, had a personal cause
How the North view the constitution?
Believed it was a binding contract
How the South view the constitution?
said they entered the union voluntarily, which permitted them to leave
How could southerners get out of fighting?
If they had over 20 slaves
How could northerners get out of fighting?
If they got drafted they could buy a substitute for $300
How many fought for the north?
How many fought for the south?
How many died in the Civil War?
Close to 700,000