BJU Biology Chapter 20-21 Study Guide
Terms in this set (36)
ways the skin maintains homeostasis
excreting waste products, protecting against antigens, regulating temperature
lymph is identical in composition to
functions of lymph
transporting antibodies to sites of infection, supplying nourishment to body tissues, circulating memory T cells throughout the body
conversion of cartilage to bone
Connect bone to bone
The small amount of liquid within a joint used as lubrication and shock absorber
joint that allows little or no movement, example - pelvis, cranium
middle section of a long bone
an active growth plate is made up of
calcium and phosphate
minerals stored in bone
striated and involuntary
the diaphragm is composed of what kind of muscle
Involuntary muscle found inside many internal organs of the body; pushes food down the esophagus
Connect muscle to bone
Heart (Cardiac Muscle)
hardest working muscle in the body
groups of similar cells that perform a specific function in an organism
provides support for your body and connects all its parts; most common type of tissue in the human body
Tissue that covers outside of the body and lines organs and cavities.
epidermis and dermis
The skin consists of 2 layers, name them.
A pigment that gives the skin its color, produced in the epidermis
Joint between bones (as at the elbow, knee, or knuckles) that permits motion in only one plane
regulates temperature and excretes waste products
produced in the skin in response to exposure to sunlight, is a necessary nutrient for healthy bones
An individual does not produce his or her own antibodies, but rather receives them directly from another source, such as mother to infant through breast milk
the immunity that results from the production of antibodies by the immune system in response to the presence of an antigen.
A harmless variant or derivative of a pathogen that stimulates a host's immune system to mount defenses against the pathogen
lymphatic vessels rely on this to move lymph through the body
protects the central nervous system
ball and socket joint
hip and shoulder joints
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework the muscles use to support movement. Made up of bones and joints
Consists of glands that control many of the body's activities by producing hormones.
Consists of the skin, mucous membranes, hair, and nail
Delivers nutrients and oxygen to body cells and carries away wastes from cells
Eliminates nitrogenous wastes from the body. Regulates water, electrolyte and acid-base balance of the blood.
processes sensory information
A system of organs, functioning in the process of gas exchange between the body and the environment, consisting especially of the nose, nasal passages, nasopharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, and lungs.