Upgrade to remove ads
Final Western Civ
Terms in this set (39)
Outcome of Austro-Prussian War?
Prussia wins over Austria which means Austria is not a part of Germany.
Bismarck defeating Napoleon marked end of what conflict?
In 1871, what new country was founded?
In 1890s Germany became top producer of what two materials?
Coal and Steel
A strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country
A policy of glorifying military power and keeping a standing army always prepared for war
A policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force.
Who are the nations involved at the start of the war? What is a major alliance? (WW1)
By 1914, Europe's six major powers were split into two alliances that would form the warring sides in World War I. Britain, France, and Russia formed the Triple Entente, while Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy joined in the Triple Alliance
Town where Franz Ferdinand was assassinated
Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Black hand was comprised of members from what two countries?
Serbia and Bosnia
Bosnia wanted to break free from what major empire?
What was the driving factor for the murder of the archduke?
To break free from Serbia and make Bosnia their own country.
what was the strategy of the triple entente
Pincer Germany first and then take care of Italy and A.H.
Attack plan by Germans, proposed by Schliffen, lightning quick attack against France. Proposed to go through Belgium then attack France, Belgium resisted, other countries took up their aid, long fight, used trench warfare.
Why did Germany fear Russia?
They had a enormous population and if they industrialized, Russia could easily beat Germany.
ways to die in trenches
Infection, uried by shelling run, gassed
Why did Russia back out of the war in 1916/1917
There was an uprising occurring within Russia.
Germany/A.H. looked to invade France by sneaking through what country?
How were trains used in WW2 as opposed to other conflicts?
Trains transported weapons and ammo to soldiers as well as being armed with mounted weaponry.
What purpose did the Zeppelin serve during war?
Scouting and bombing runs
Barbed wire was used to do what?
Protect trenches from enemy advancements
What is the major design of the tank?
Chemical Warfare was first used by what country?
France (tear gas)
What country perfected the use of chemical warfare?
What were some flaws with gases?
Not going off, blowing back into allies and immoral
Who was the Zimmerman's Telegraph intended recipient?
Mexico was to receive the Zimmerman Telegraph from Germany but it was intercepted by allies.
The Zimmerman Telegraph
Sent by Germany to Mexico that encouraged Mexico to help Germany fight against the US if they entered war and in return Germany would help Mexico get their land back from the US.
How many phases was the Ludendorff Offensive?
What occurred on November 11, 1918
The fighting in WW2 stopped, an armistice was called.
Goal of the Treaty of Versailles
Punish Germany and attain reparations
Ways Germany was to pay their reparations
Must pay 50 billion marks and then the rest is an interest free time period to pay remainder.
Amount Germany was to pay according to Treaty of Versailles
132 billion gold marks
a general increase in prices and fall in the purchasing value of money.
Why did Italy become fascist
They struggled with identity and Mussolini became their guiding hand under a fascist rule.
"Stab in the Back" myth
This was a version of history popular among right wing Germans during this period. It was encouraged by the army officers. According to this version of events, the German army had been winning the war until they were let down by civilian politicians who failed to support the army and signed the armistice behind the army's back. In fact, the army was losing ground fast in November 1918 and the officers knew it. They had deliberately set up the civilian government to make peace with the allies. Unfortunately, many people preferred to believe the myth rather than the facts and this made them less likely to support the Weimar government.
Hitler's Original Political Party
German Worker's Party
Why is Mein Kampf significant?
It gave deep insight into Hitler as a ruler and the overall motivations of Germany.
Enabling Act of 1933
signed by Hindenburg, gave special powers to Hitler's government and enabled him and his cabinet to enact laws without the participation of the Reichstag
Why Hitler took territory like Belgium, Austria and Czechoslovakia.
He wanted to procure the German citizens that lived there and make them apart of his "perfect" Germany.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Western Civ Final 2nd Semester
World War 1
World War 1 (Chapter 16)
World War 1
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
RUSSIAN LITERATURE AND ART
Western Civilizations Midterm Review
English Vocab Quiz #2
Crime and Punishment Vocab Test