Unit 6 Test
Terms in this set (47)
A severe penalty the Church imposes on a Catholic who has committed a grave sin or offense against canon law in which the person is banned from celebrating or receiving the Sacraments. The Church imposes this in the hope that the sinner will repent and be reconciled with God and the Church
A direct action, or a deliberate lack of action, that causes the death of a person who is handicapped, sick, or dying. It is a violation of the Fifth Commandment against killing
The teaching that limited violence is morally acceptable in defending yourself or your nation from an attack
Just war theory
A moral position that states war may be justified if it meets certain criteria. Originated with St. Augustine. War as necessary in order to protect the innocent. Based on two assumptions: violence should be avoided; love of enemies, and love calls for the restraint of aggression against the innocent
Something related to marriage or a marriage ceremony
The virtue by which people are able successfully and healthfully to integrate their sexuality into their total person; recognized as one of the fruits of the Holy Spirit. Also, one of the vows of a religious life
Intense and uncontrolled desire for sexual pleasure. It is one of the seven capital sins
The cardinal virtue by which one moderates his or her appetites and passions to achieve balance in the use of created goods
The declaration by the Church that a marriage is null and void, that is, it never existed as a sacramental union. Catholics who divorce must have this from the Church to be free to marry once again in the Church
The deliberate attempt to interfere with the creation of new life as a result of sexual intercourse. It is morally wrong because a married couple must remain open to procreation whenever they engage in sexual intercourse
Sexual activity between two persons, at least one of whom is married to another. Prohibited by the Sixth Commandment
Having more than one spouse, an act contrary to the dignity of Marriage
In Vitro Fertilization
The fertilization of a woman's ovum (egg) with a man's sperm outside her body. The fertilized egg is transferred to the woman's uterus. The Church considers the process to be a moral violation of the dignity of procreation
A medical process in which a woman becomes pregnant through artificial means and delivers a child for someone else. She may or may not be the child's biological mother. The procedure is morally wrong because it separates intercourse from the act of procreation and pregnancy
A theory of punishment that when an offender breaks the law, justice requires that he or she suffer in return
Focuses on restoring the good that has been harmed by criminal activity. Focuses on the harm of wrongdoing more than the rules that have been broken. Shows equal concern to victims and offenders, involving both in the process. Healing for victims is linked to healing for offenders
What is the purpose of the Fifth Commandment and what other areas of actions and behaviors are covered under this commandment?
The purpose of the Fifth Commandment was to limit escalating hatred after murders were committed. Christians follow this as every human life is sacred. Behaviors such as abortion, euthanasia, and capital punishment are prohibited.
Explain the culture of death.
The culture of death is that the basis of human life is not the sacredness of life and human dignity, but it is the ability to get what we want. People have the right to more than they need, even as poverty causes death for others. People who cause a burden to others are less worthy of life. The quality of a life is the only measure in determining if it is worth living. An example of this would be euthanasia.
Explain the culture of life.
The culture of life explains that we are images of God. Being fully alive means reflecting God by loving Him and one another. The culture of life calls people to share what they have with others. It views all people as gifts of God, even those who require extra care. It sees life as worth living even it involves suffering. It respects and fosters the dignity of each person as being create imago dei. An example of this would be donating to the poor.
What is medical ethics and how must ethics be integrated into the medical industry/advancement?
Medical ethics is moral decision making related to medical research and practice. Medical ethics must support human dignity and life.
What was the result of Row vs. Wade? How do you think the decision effected our culture?
The decision of Row vs. Wade was that the Supreme Court now allows women to choose whether or not to have an abortion. It gave the rights of woman more importance the rights of an unborn child. This decision effected our culture by making more and more people increasingly acceptive of the behavior. It normalized abortion.
Be able to name some arguments for pro-life.
Pro-life people say that human beings are required to respect their bodies, life begins at the moment of conception, all life is sacred, the unborn have a right to be born, and it is wrong to kill an innocent human being and wrong to legalize an action that is immoral.
Be able to name some arguments for pro-choice.
Pro-choice people say that human beings are free to do whatever they think is right, it is unclear when life actually begins, quality of life determines if it should be lived, a woman has a right to determine what happens to her body, and it is wrong to put one's moral position into law.
Explain the "Arms Race" and what are the negative effects?
The Arms Race was a competition between rivals to have the biggest and best military force and arsenal. It is based on the theory of deterrence. It led to more violence from armed conflict and there was less money for the poor and vulnerable.
What are the two perspectives that must be balanced when it comes to death and dying?
The two perspectives are that death and dying affronts human dignity and that there is faith in eternal life.
Death and dying affronts human dignity;
Takes away our ability to love our neighbors.
Faith in eternal life;
Death as a transition to life eternal with God in Heaven.
Be familiar with the 3 statements about suffering.
1. Suffering does not separate us from God. God cares about our suffering.
2. God does not let us face our suffering alone. God is always with us, lightening our burdens and giving us sufficient strength.
3. Suffering is NOT THE END. It need not destroy us or defeat the possibility of eternal happiness in God's kingdom.
What is the key difference between the allowance of death and euthanasia?
Allowing death to occur involves withholding or withdrawing useless or disproportionately burdensome treatment, thus allowing to die from the fatal disease or condition. Euthanasia is deliberately taking steps to bring about a person's death for the purpose of eliminating suffering. The key difference is the intention of the action.
What are some good ways that we can take care of physical self and how does that effect our spiritual selves?
We should take care of ourselves by eating responsibly, getting proper rest and exercise, and avoiding the use of drugs, alcohol, tobacco, and anything else that hurts the body. Taking care of our spiritual well-being is related to our overall physical health because by making good choices about our physical health, we are respecting the gift of life that God gave us.
What should we consider when we respect sexuality?
We should have an appreciation of our life as a gift from God and respect that He allows us to live with others as relational beings.
Within a marriage, what are the two purposes of sex?
Within marriage, the two purposes of sex are the sharing of love between the spouses and the transmission of live and procreation.
The sharing of love between the spouses...
Results in each partner fully giving themselves in the context of their relationship and fidelity.
Transmission of life and procreation...
Lets us participate in God's gift allowing us to bring life into the world and fecundity.
What qualities are needed in order to live a chaste life?
You must have self-mastery, patience, and grace.
Trains us truly to be free; not being controlled by our passions
Discipline at all stages of life
Support from God to help us live chaste lives
What is the difference between chastity and celibacy?
Chastity is staying faithful to one's Christian vocation or state in life. It is determined by a person's vocations and there are different expressions based on their state in life. Celibacy is the promise to remain unmarried and it is something to which only some Christians are called; Priests promise lives of celibacy and so do consecrated lay individuals.
What are some violations of chastity?
Some violations of chastity are lust, masturbation, fornication, pornography, and prostitution.
Erotic stimulation of the genital organs achieved by means other than sexual intercourse
Sexual intercourse between unmarried parties
Display of erotic behavior in written or pictorial form for the purpose of sexual excitement
Act of engaging in sexual relations for money or other forms of profit
What are some violations of marriage?
Some violations of marriage are adultery, divorce, polygamy, and artificial contraception.
Tears apart which God has joined together
Separate the sexual act from the act of procreation