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Marathon to the Mansion-Checkpoint 8
Terms in this set (30)
The first Battle of Bull Run
What was the first major clash of the Civil War?
Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson
Which Confederate General played a major role in the Battle of Bull Run?
Robert E. Lee
Who was the Commander of the Army of Northern Virginia who defeated Union troops at Fredericksburg?
Where was the capital of the Confederacy?
Ulysses S. Grant
Which General captured and burned Richmond near the end of the war?
Lincoln used the Union ___________ to blockade southern ports.
The Monitor (Union)
The Merrimack (Confederate)
Which two iron-clad ships battled in waters near Norfolk and Hampton? The battle was fought to a draw.
Appomattox Court House Virginia
Where did the Civil War end?
Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Who surrendered his army to Ulysses S. Grant to end the Civil War?
When did the Civil War end?
The North- The Union
Who won the Civil War?
Most white Virginians supported which side during the Civil War?
enslaved African Americans
The Confederacy relied on whom to raise crops and provide labor for the army?
Some free African Americans felt their limited _________ could best be protected by supporting the ____________.
Which cultural group did not take sides during the Civil War?
What is the period following the Civil War called? Congress had passed laws designed to help rebuild the country and bring the southern states back into the Union.
Specifically, who faced serious problems in rebuilding the state after the Civil War?
During Reconstruction, millions of freed African Americans needed what?
During Reconstruction, Virginia's _____________ was in ruins.
1. Money had no value
2. Banks were closed.
3. Railroads, bridges, plantations, and crops were destroyed.
Give 2 economic problems Virginians faced during Reconstruction.
1. Freedmen's Bureau
Name 2 measures that were taken during Reconstruction to resolve Virginia's problems.
What was a government agency that provided food, schools, and medical care for freed African Americans and others in Virginia?
Name the system common in Virginia after the war in which freed men and poor white farmers rented land form landowners by promising to pay the owners with a share of the crops.
This is the separation of people usually based on race or religion.
What is the unfair difference in the treatment of people called?
During Reconstruction, who began to have power in Virginia's government?
Men of all races
During Reconstruction, who had the right to vote?
Jim Crow Laws
After Reconstruction, the gains made by African Americans were lost because of what laws passed by southern states?
Jim Crow Laws legally established segregation, or _________ of the races, and reinforced prejudices held by whites.
1. Unfair poll taxes and voting tests kept African American men from voting
2.African Americans found it difficult to vote or hold public office.
3. African Americans were forced to use separate drinking fountains, restrooms, and restaurants.
4. African American and white children attended separate schools
5. "Jim Crow" laws had an effect on American Indians.
Name 5 ways the Jim Crow Laws affected the lives of African Americans and American Indians.
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