Discovering World Geography - Chapter 11
Terms in this set (40)
Ethnic groups evolved into
French German Brittish
walls or barriers to hold back water
The land reclaimed from building dikes and then draining the water from the land. Used for farming and settlement.
An area where river currents and the ocean tide meet
Strong winds that travel from west to east
the process of refining ore to create metal
the political and social system in which kings gave land to nobles in exchange for noble's military service
The period in European history between ancient and modern times from A.D 500 to 1450
A journey to a sacred place in the history of Christianity
a lawmaking body made of of two houses (the House of Lords and the House of Commons)
a country that changes from an agricultural society to a manufacturing or industrial society. Manufacturing is the primary economic activity.
The mass murder of 6 million Jews by Germany's Nazi leaders during WWII
a country who's economy depends more on services that on industry
Range of high rugged mountains that run between France and Spain
a movement that emphasized science and reason as guides to help see the world more clearly. People began to question the kings authority
World War I
War that resulted in millions of deaths and mass destruction. Germany lost the war
World War 11
War that came when Hitler wanted to seize power. It stretched far beyond Western Europe. Fighting ended after the US used atomic bombs
The cold war
For more than 40 years the U.S. and the Soviet Union engaged in a Cold War. The US was a strong ally to Western Europe. The war weakened Britain
A big change that took place in Britain. Machines affected the urban population and improved farm labor.
It's goal was to strengthen trade among the countries of Europe. European Union - it was created when so many nations joined the EEC.
Ethnic groups in Ancient Western Europe
Celts, Romans, Vikings Visogoths
Related languages that are spoken in Europe. The two main divisions are Romance and Germanic
Based on Latin the language of the Roman Empire. French is a common romance language
Includes German Dutch and English
Most Common religion in Western Europe
Christianity. Most people wer either Catholic or PRotestant
High speed rail travel
Helped to relieve traffic and air pollution. High speed rails run through the Chunnel which is a tunnel under the English Channel that connects Britain to mainland Europe
Northern European Plain
Where much of Western Europe lies.. It was shaped by massive sheets of Ice during the Ice Age It stretches from France to Russia and has some of the richest soils inEurope
Europe's Largest Mountain system. Run through France, Switzerland, Austria and Germany
The Black Death
plague experienced during the Middle Ages when it killed nearly half the people of Western Europe. It raged for 4 years
Daily life in Western Europe
Football which we call soccer is the most popular sport
Population lives mostly in cities so road are crowded
EEC ( European Economc Community)
Western European nations need to learn to work together to survive in a changing world after World War II
Part of the Atlantic Ocean that separated the island of Britain from the rest of Europe. It is a rich fishing ground for the Netherlands and important for trade.
Western Europes leading agricultural producer
Counties of Western Europe
Includes Ireland, The United Kingdom, France, Germany, The Netherlands, Belgium. Luxenberg, Austria and Switzerland as well as Monaco and Liechenstein
Name the two Mt ranges that separate WEstern from Southern Europe
Pyrenees and Alps.They were created from folding of rocks due to plate techtonics
Trees that shed leaves in autumn
Evergreen trees that produce cones to hold seeds that have needles instead of leaves
How has the North Sea Impacted the Netherlands?
It has helped and hindered the Dutch in the Netherlands. The Dutch had to build dikes to hold back the waterbecause 25% of Netherlands is below sea level. This can cause flooding. It has helped in providing polders which are used for farming and settlements
What is the significance of rivers and waterways?
Rivers determine the location of important cities such as LOndon and Paris. River and canals provide transportation routes for goods and people. Rivers provide water for farming and produce electrical power. They also for political borders.
Reform and the French Revolution
France was ruled by a king and most people were poor and didn't like not having a voice in government. A revolution started that limited the king's and nobility's power. People wanted more power in the government. Not everyone supporte this and violence raged for the next 10 years