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APLC Vocabulary List - Rhetorical Terms
Terms in this set (55)
repetition of the same sound beginning several words or syllables in sequence.
example- Alice's aunt ate apples and acorns around August.
brief reference to a person, event, or place, or to a work of art.
example- I was surprised his nose was not growing like Pinocchio's.
repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive phrases, clauses, or lines.
example- not as a call to arms, though arms we need
repetition of words in reverse order.
example- Ask not what your country can do for you-ask what you can do for your country.
opposition, or contrast, of ideas or words in a parallel construction.
example- We shall support any friend, oppose any foe..
old-fashioned or outdated choice of words.
example- belief for which our forebears fought..
lack of conjunctions between coordinate phrases, clauses or words.
example- we shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, oppose any foe to assure the survival and success of liberty.
a sentence in which the main independent clause is elaborated by the successive addition of modifying clauses or phrases (main clause is at the beginning).
example- Aruba is a vacationer's paradise with its pristine beaches, sun-drenched days, and glorious breathtaking sunsets.
sentence that exhorts, advises, calls to action.
example- let both sides explore what problems unite us.
a sentence that requests or commands.
example- My fellow citizens of the world, ask not what America will do for you...
inverted order of words in a sentence (variation of the subject-verb-object order).
example- United there is little we cannot do..Divided there is little we can do.
placement of two things closely together to emphasize similarities or differences.
example- peasants and aristocrats
a comparison without using like or as.
example- "broken heart"
paradoxical juxtaposition of words that seem to contradict one another.
example- This peaceful revolution..
similarity of structure in a pair or series of related words.
example- Let both sides explore.. Let both sides seek to invoke.. Let both sides unite..
sentence whose main clause is withheld until the end.
example- To that world assembly of sovereign states, the United Nations, our last best hope in an age where the instruments of war have far outpaced the instruments of peace, we renew our pledge of support..
the act of attributing human characteristics to an inanimate object or an idea.
example- The run down house appeared depressed.
a question asked for an effect, not actually requiring an answer.
example- will you join in this historical effort?
figure in speech when a part is used for a whole.
example-in your hands, my fellow citizens, more than mine, will rest the final success or failure of our course.
use of two different words in a grammatically similar way but producing different, often incongruous, meanings.
example-"She opened her door and her heart to the orphan."
the use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning; or, incongruity between what is expected and what actually happens
example- A man who is a traffic cop gets his license suspended for unpaid parking tickets.
a figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds (usually formed with 'like' or 'as')
example- "as happy as a clam" "Life is like a box of chocolates.."
a technique by which a writer addresses an inanimate object, an idea, or a person who is either dead or absent.
example- "Milton! thou should'st be living at this hour: England hath need of thee . . .."
(William Wordsworth, "London, 1802")
the use, for rhetorical effect, of more conjunctions than is necessary or natural
example- We have ships and men and money and stores.
a story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one.
example- Animal Farm by George Orwell epitomizes allegory and has used it to its best potential. His characters are essentially pigs masquerading as political figures of the Russian revolution.
A figure of speech in which something is referred to by using the name of something that is associated with it
example- "The pen is mightier than the sword," The "pen" stands in for "the written word" and the "sword" stands in for "military aggression and force"
a comparison between two things, typically on the basis of their structure and for the purpose of explanation or clarification.
example- I feel like a fish out of water. This implies that you are not comfortable in your surroundings.
a mild or indirect word or expression substituted for one considered to be too harsh or blunt when referring to something unpleasant or embarrassing.
example- Passed away instead of died
a pithy observation that contains a general truth.
example- "if it ain't broke, don't fix it."
the mistaken use of a word in place of a similar-sounding one, often with unintentionally amusing effect.
example- "dance a flamingo " (instead of flamenco).
a joke exploiting the different possible meanings of a word or the fact that there are words that sound alike but have different meanings.
example- A horse is a very stable animal.
a composition that imitates somebody's style in a humorous way.
example- "Blazing Saddles" (spoof on American Western movies)
a representation of a person that is exaggerated for comic effect.
speech or writing that sounds grand or important but has little meaning, used to impress.
a bitter and prolonged verbal attack.
having or conveying the force of a question.
example- Does John have a dog?
a brief narrative that focuses on a particular incident or event.
example- During a lunchtime discussion about favorite recipes, one of the people in the group tells a story about one of her tried and trued recipes gone wrong.
a word or phrase (including slang) used in everyday conversation and informal writing but that is often inappropriate in formal writing.
example- y'all, ain't
the right time for action; critical moment; due season; the moment of divine inspiration.
example- right place at right time
The appeal of a text to the credibility and character of the speaker, writer, or narrator.
an appeal based on logic or reason.
an appeal that arouses emotions.
The reversal of the normally expected order of words.
example- "She extends them all smiles" turns to "to all she smiles extends"
a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor.
example- "I've told you a million times"
a type of understatement in which an idea is expressed by negating its opposite .
example- describing a particularly horrific scene by saying, "It was not a pretty picture."
controversy; argument; verbal attack.
example- argumentative words.
A long, angry speech, usually very critical.
example- teacher yelling at student
form of literature in which irony, sarcasm, and ridicule are employed to attack human vice and folly.
example- "Weekend Update" from Saturday Night Live
a statement consisting of two parallel parts in which the second part is structurally reversed example-"Susan walked in, and out rushed Mary."
characterized by an excessive display of learning or scholarship.
intended to instruct, especially morally; inclined to moralize too much; educational.
mention (a number of things) one by one.
example- a list.
tending to depart from the main point or cover a wide range of subjects.
the opposite of exaggeration. It is a technique for developing irony and/or humor where one writes or says less than intended.
example- "It is just a little cool today" - when the temperature outside is 5° below zero
A statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth.
example- Bittersweet; Nobody goes to that restaurant because it is too crowded.
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