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22 terms

Bio - Ch. 22

STUDY
PLAY
Stimulus
anything that triggers a behavior
response
an organism's reaction to a stimulus
innate behavior
behavior that is inborn, not acquired by learning
instinct
a response to a specific stimulus that does not require learning or practice
fixed action patterns
innate behavior that doesn't change as a result of experience
learned behavior
behavior that develops as a result of experience
imprinting
a type of learning that can occur only during a specific period early in life
habituation
type of learning that involves the loss of sensitivity to stimuli due to repeated exposure
conditioning
training that leads an animal to associate a response with a stimulus
trial-and-error learning
a series of responses that are tested and eliminated in a problem situation until a solution is found
animal societies
an organized population showing cooperative behavior
dominance hierarchies
a linear ranking of animals within the same species in which position dictates characteristic social behaviors
caste systems
usually found in insects, a highly organized society in which each member has a specific biologically determined task
pheromone
a chemical signal between members of the same species; acts much like hormones to influence physiology and behavior
visual, chemical, auditory, tactile
four types of communication
lifestyle
type of communication used depends on ___
insects, plants
___ and ___ use a lot of chemical communication
Niko Tinbergen
Studied innate fixed action patterns
Konrad Lorenz
Studied imprinting in graylag geese
Karl von Frisch
interpreted the honeybee communication
Ivan Pavlov
studied simple conditioning in dogs
B. F. Skinner
studied conditioning for rewards (trial and error)